5/1/45

Eighth AF

Almost 400 B-17's drop food supplies in The Hague and Rotterdam areas.


5/1/45

Ninth AF

9 A-26's bomb ammo plant at Stod. IX TAC escorts LBs, flies A/F cover, and patrols Leipzig-Schwarzenberg area. XIX TAC flies patrols and armed rcn over E Germany, W Czechoslovakia, and Austria, dive-bombs Berchtesgaden, and operates with US XII Corps which is advancing SE between the Danube and the Czech border and N into Czechoslovakia N of Passau, and with XX Corps whose adv elements speed toward the Inn R at Wasserburg.


5/1/45

Twelfth AF

During 30 Apr/1 May A-20's and A-26's bomb T/Os in N Italy. Bad weather during the day cancels MB operations. FBs destroy numerous motor and horse-drawn vehicles in NE Italy. US Fifth Army forces approach Brenner Pass on Austro-ltalian border, while British Eighth Army elements make contact with Yugoslav troops of Marshal Tito near Monfalcone.


5/1/45

Fifteenth AF

Despite bad weather 27 B-17's bomb main station M/Y at Salzburg. This is the final Fifteenth AF bombing mission of World War II. P-38's and P-51's fly rcn and rcn escort missions.


5/1/45

Fourteenth AF

During May the Japanese decide to give up their Greater E Asia Corridor and uithdraw from S China. Fourteenth AF further concentrates its attacks on rail and road movements and river shipping and thus plays a major role in critically reducing the enemy's mobility and supply lines. 2 B-25's and 16 P-51's knock out bridges near Taiku and Kiehsiu and hit AA positions and locomotives near the bridges, blast gun emplacements in Loning area, and hit several locomotives, near Shihkiachwang. Gen VVedemeyer selects Gen Stratemeyer to cmd AAF China Theater, with both Tenth and Fourteenth AFs under his cmd.


5/1/45

FEAF

B-25's hit Heito sugar refinery and town of Kagi. FEAF continues to spt ground forces on Luzon and Negros. B-24's spt Australian landings on Tarakan I and bomb Tawau. B-25's attack Jesselton, Tarakan, Sandakan, and Kudat, concentrating on A/Fs.


5/1/45

Seventh AF

16 Guam-based B-24's bomb A/F on Marcus while 10 hit air installations on Param. During the night 9 more, flying individual snooper strikes, hit A/Fs on Param and Moen.


5/1/45

Eleventh AF

1 B-24 flies weather rcn over the Kurils.


5/2/45

Eighth AF

Almost 400 B-17's drop food supplies in populated areas in the Netherlands, mostly at Schiphol and Alkmaar A/Fs, Vogelenzang, Hilversum, and Utrecht.


5/2/45

Ninth AF

Weather cancels 9th Bomb Div operations. Ftrs fly A/F cover, defensive-freelance patrols, sweep over Dessau area, and patrol Straubing-Ingolstadt area and US Third Army front in Austria and Czechoslovakia. Soviet forces are in complete cmd of Berlin.


5/2/45

Twelfth AF

Bad weather continues. MBs are grounded while XXII TAC flies uneventful armed rcn in NE Italy.


5/2/45

Fifteenth AF

Bad weather limits operations to 1 weather rcn mission.


5/2/45

Fourteenth AF

5 B-24's mine areas of Yangtze R. 20-plus B-25's and about 130 FBs attack comm tgts and supply lines and hit a large variety of T /Os throughout S and E China as the air campaign accelerates with aim of disrupting imminent withdrawal of Japanese and abandonment of their Greater E Asia Corridor.


5/2/45

FEAF

B-24's and P-51's pound troops near Ipo Dam while B-25's, A-20's, and ftrs hit Cagayan Valley tgts. FEAF strikes in spt of ground forces continue on Luzon and on Cebu I. B-25's continue spt for Australian troops on Tarakan I and, in conjunction with Navy airplanes, bomb Kudat A/F.


5/2/45

Seventh AF

12 Iwo-based P-51's strike radio station on Chichi Jima. 12 B-24's from Guam pound Param A/F while 21, flying in 2 forces, hit A/Fs and gun positions on Marcus. During 2/3 May 9 more HBs make individual harassment bombings on Param, Moen, and Tol I.


5/3/45

Eighth AF

390-plus B-17's drop food supplies at Schiphol and Alkmnar A/Fs, and near Vogelenzang, Hilversum, and Utrecht.


5/3/45

Ninth AF

132 A-26's (on final 9th Bomb Div raid) bomb Stod ammo plant. IX TAC escorts 9th Bomb Div and C-47's and flies A/F cover. XIX TAC patrols US Third Army front, flies armed rcn over Germany, Austria, and Czechoslovakia in frontline areas and around Kiel and Lubeck, and escorts 9th Bomb Div. XXIX TAC escorts C47's, flies sweeps, and hits shipping in Kiel-Lubeck area.


5/3/45

Twelfth AF

To assure that the enemy implements surrender terms and to observe road activity, ftrs fly rcn missions over N Italy and SW Austria. MBs drop leaflets in several areas where enemy troops might be unaware of the surrender.


5/3/45

Fifteenth AF

Bad weather again restricts operations to rcn and rcn escort missions by 20 P-38's and escort of MATAF B-25 leaflet dropping mission in N Italy.


5/3/45

Tenth AF

With the fall of Rangoon on this date (Indian 26th Div elements occupy the city), the war against the Japanese in Burma is successfully concluded. Pockets of resistance remain W of the Irrawaddy and between that river and the Mandalay-Pegu railway. However, during May AAF operations are reduced drastically due to lack of suitable air tgts and because of the onset of bad weather preceding the monsoon. Tenth AF is withdrawn from combat and moved back to India (see 15 May 45). 1 sq of P-38's remains in Burma to patrol the roads leading into China.


5/3/45

Fourteenth AF

9 B-25's and 6 FBs attack truck convoys in Hsiang Valley and near Paoching, Changsha, and Hengyang, and pound railroad T'Os and bridges in Taiku, Singtai, and Linfen areas. 90-plus FBs attack troops, town areas, ammo dumps, river shipping and other T/Os over wide areas of S and E China.


5/3/45

FEAF

Saigon is bombed by B-24's, which greatly damage a boatyard and oil storage areas. On Luzon B-24's and P-51's pound Ipo area while A-20's and ftrs spt ground forces. B-25's continue spt of ground forces on Tarakan and, with B-24's, carry out small raids against numerout tgts on Borneo and Celebes. Manggar A/F is heavily hit by B-24's. P-38's and Navy airplanes hit warehouses in Brunei Bay area.


5/3/45

Twentieth AF

68 B-29's bomb A/Fs at Tachiarai, Miyazaki, Miyakonojo, Kanoya (2), and Kokubu. 88 other B-29's mine Shimonoseki Strait and Inland Sea. 10 ftrs are claimed destroyed by B-29's on the Tachiarai mission.


5/3/45

Seventh AF

10 Guam-based 1324's bomb A/Fs and T/Os on several islands of Truk Atoll. During 3/4 May 8 more separately strike Param, Eten, Moen, and Truk A/Fs.


5/4/45

Ninth AF

No bmr operations. IX TAC flies patrols and armed rcn, XIX TAC flies patrols and armed rcn and operates in concert with XII Corps assault on Linz, and with XX Corps which crosses the Inn R and pushes E and SE. XXIX TAC sweeps Dessau and Wittenberg areas and attacks shipping in Kiel and Flensburg areas. German forces in the Netherlands, NW Germany and Denmark surrender.


5/4/45

Twelfth AF

XXII TAC continues flying visual rcn during night and day in N Italy. US 85th Inf Div reaches Austrian border near San Candido and pushes on to Brenner Pass at Vipiteno without opposition.


5/4/45

Fifteenth AF

No offensive operations. Activity is limited to rcn missions (with escort), escort of MATAF leaflet drops in N Italy, and escort of C-47's on supply dropping missions to Yugoslavia.


5/4/45

Fourteenth AF

12 B-25's and 180-plus FBs, mostly operating in flights of 2 to 4 aircraft, attack tc,wn areas, storage, troops, horses, trucks, river shipping, A/Fs, and many other T/Os scattered over vast expanse of S and E China.


5/4/45

FEAF

B-25's bomb Tuguegarao area while other B-25's, A-20's, and FBs, in spite of bad weather, spt ground forces in N and S Luzon and on Negros. P-38's pound Itu Aba I. B-24's heavily damage oil insta llations at Saigon. B-25's and P-38's spt ground forces on Tarakan I and B-24's hit Sandakan and Kota Baru and bomb Mandai and Masarnba A/Fs.


5/4/45

Twentieth AF

47 B-29's attack A/Fs at Oita, Omura, Saeki, and Matsuyama.


5/4/45

Seventh AF

22 B-24's from Angaur bomb AA positions on Koror. 11 from Guam hit A/F on Marcus.


5/4/45

Eleventh AF

Gen Isaiah Davies replaces Gen Johnson as CG Eleventh AF on an interim basis.


5/5/45

Eighth AF

About 400 B-17's drop food at Schiphol and Alkrraar A/Fs, Vogelenzang, Hilversum, and Utrecht, in the third food mission to these locations.


5/5/45

Ninth AF

No Ninth AF operations except tac and photo rcn in forward areas.


5/5/45

Twelfth AF

XXII TAC ftrs continue rcn flights over N Italy, SW Austria, and as far N as Munich. Ftrs destroy numerous aircraft at A/F SE of Munich.


5/5/45

Fifteenth AF

14 P-51's escort MATAF C-47's on supply-dropping missions over Yugoslavia.


5/5/45

Fourteenth AF

3 B-25's knock out bridge at Singtai and hit railroad traffic in Sinsiang area. 5 B-25's hit railroad cars and other T/Os at Kaifeng, Hsihhsiassuchi, and in Tungkuan and Luan areas. 76 FBs, operating in flights of 2-4 aircraft, attack variety of T/Os throughout S and E China.


5/5/45

FEAF

In first FEAF strike on Amoy area, B-24's bomb A/F and oil storage plant. B-24's bomb Shinchiku A/F while B-25's and FBs hit Taito sugar refinery, Shoka railroad yards, and Giran and Matsuyama A/Fs. A-20's and FBs continue to hit Cagayan Valley tgts and spt ground forces at various Luzon locations. B-25's and P-38's spt Australian forces on Tarakan I. On Borneo P-38's hit Miri waterfront on W coast and Keningau A/F in the N. B-24's bomb Kuching waterfront on W coast.


5/5/45

Twentieth AF

45 B-29's bomb A/Fs at Oita, Tachiarai, Kanoya, and Chiran; 148 (including B-29's of 58th Bomb Wg flying their first attack of Japan from Tinian) hit navy aircraft factory and arsenal at Kure, and 86 drop mines in Tokyo Bay, Ise Bay, and at points in the Inland Sea. The B-29's claim 11 ftrs downed.


5/5/45

Seventh AF

12 Angaur-based B-24's bomb Koror.


5/5/45

Eleventh AF

1 B-24 flies weather mission over the Kurils.


5/6/45

Eighth AF

Around 380 B-17's drop food supplies at Schiphol and Alkmaar A/Fs, Vogelenzang, Hilversum, and Utrecht.


5/6/45

Ninth AF

No operations by 9th Bomb Div and IX and XIX TACs. XXIX TAC flies demonstration mission in Klotze area.


5/6/45

Twelfth AF

Gen Israel takes cmd of XXII TAC. Ftrs fly rcn over French and Italian Alps.


5/6/45

Fifteenth AF

9 P-38's escort Balkan AF supply-dropping missions to Yugoslavia.


5/6/45

Fourteenth AF

3 B-25's and 4 P-51's knock out bridge at Hsihhsiassuchi. 111 FBs, operating in flights of 2 to 4 aircraft, attack numerous T /Os throughout S and E China.


5/6/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb Matsuyama A/F and secondary nearby tgts and later bomb Toshien, Toko, and Kiirun. B-25's pound town of Mato. A-20's and FBs fly numerous attack sorties in spt of ground forces in N and S Luzon. FBs fly spt missions over Panay I. B-24's bomb Kudat and Keningau A/Fs. P-38's hit Ranau and Labuan airstrips while B-25's spt Australian troops at Tarakan I. B-24's bomb Limboeng A/F. B-25's over Indochina bomb Dong Hoi warehouses.


5/6/45

Seventh AF

18 P-47's from Saipan sweep Truk Atoll, strafing A/F on Moen, seaplane base at Dublon, and shipping off Param, off Moen, and between Dublon and Fefan.


5/7/45

International

German High Command surrenders unconditionally all land, sea, and air forces at Reims effective 9 May.


5/7/45

Eighth AF

220-plus B-17's drop food near Schiphol A/F, Vogelenzang, Hilversum, and Utrecht.


5/7/45

Ninth AF

XIX TAC flies sweeps over E Germany and W Czechoslovakia and carries out demonstration flights over PW camps.


5/7/45

Twelfth AF

P-47's fly rcn over Austrian Alps.


5/7/45

Fifteenth AF

13 P-51's escort 3 Balkan AF supply dropping missions to Yugoslavia.


5/7/45

Fourteenth AF

3 B-25's and 4 P-47's knock out bridge N of
Singtai. 3 B-24's attack Yellow R T/Os, damaging at least 1 bridge. 131 FBs again hit various T,'Os throughout S and E China, concentrating on railroad tgts.


5/7/45

FEAF

B-25's, A-20's, and FBs hit tgts in Cagayan Valley and spt ground action in Cervantes area, Balete Pass and N of Laguna de Bay. P-38's hit Bintula, Kudat, and Ranau while B-25's, and P-38's hit gun positions and HQ on Tarakan I. B-24's bomb Bingkalapa A/F and harbor at Soerabaja. B-25's hit railroad tgts between Cap Batangan and Cap Varella.


5/7/45

Twentieth AF

41 B-29's bomb A/Fs at Usa, Oita, Ibusuki, and Kanoya. 34 aircraf t are claimed destroyed by B-29's during Usa and Oita missions.


5/7/45

Seventh AF

16 Saipan-based P-47's strafe radio station, A/F installations, and gun positions on Moen and Falas. 11 Guam-based B-24's pound runways on Marcus.


5/8/45

Ninth AF

IX and XIX TACs patrol Leipzig, Chemnitz, Adorf and Linz areas, and fly sweeps and clemonstration missions.


5/8/45

Twelfth AF

Transports carry out evacuation and supply missions in S Europe.


5/8/45

Fifteenth AF

All Fifteenth AF aircraf t stand down on V-E -Day. Fifteenth AF offensive operations end. Subsequent operations involve transport, supply, try, and movement flights.


5/8/45

Fourteenth AF

13 B-25's knock out bridge at Do Cam and damage others at Do Len, over the Song Chu R, and N of Kaifeng. A single B-24 damages bridges at Huto. 20 P-51's pound rail and road traffic along Indochina coast while 12 P-51's and P-38's hit T/Os in several cities. About 100 FBs over wide areas of S and E China continue to hit numerous T/Os, concentrating on shipping and dock area at Taku.


5/8/45

FEAF

P-38's hit Jesselton, Sengkawang, and Kudat A/Fs while B-25's bomb Kuching and Labuan A/F areas. B-24's, B-25's, and Fbs continue to pound Cagayan Valley. B-24's hit Davao while P-38's hit Labugan A/F area. Other B-24's bomb Mandai A/F. B-25's bomb railway installations between Phan Rang and Binh Dinh.


5/8/45

Twentieth AF

40 B-29's hit A/Fs at Kanoya, Miyakonojo, Oita,
and Matsuyama.


5/8/45

Seventh AF

12 Guam-based 1324's bomb A/F on Marcus. 12 others from Guam pound runway on Param I.


5/8/45

VII FC

P-51's from Iwo Jima fly 94 effective sorties in strike against Kisarazu A/F.


5/9/45

Eighth AF

453d Bomb Gp, first bomb gp to be redeployed after cessation of hostilities, begins departure from Old Buckenham to US. It is only bomb gp departing by ship.


5/9/45

Ninth AF

XIX TAC patrols Linz-Klatovy areas and carries out further demonstration flights.


5/9/45

Twelfth AF

With combat operations in S Europe at an end, transport aircraft continue supply and evacuation missions.


5/9/45

Fourteenth AF

14 B-24's, 14 B-25's, and 26 P-51's blast Paoching and various nearby T/Os. Some of the FBs also attack T/Os W of Hengyang. 4 P-51's pound boxcars, locomotives, and other railroad tgts from Tourane to Hue.


5/9/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb 2 A/Fs in Canton area. A-20's and ftrs fly offensive sweeps over Cagayan Valley and spt ground forces in the Cervantes Baguio-Balete Pass area and the Ipo-New Bosoboso-Infanta area. B-24's bomb area around Dalirig and MaluLo preparatory to allied landings in Macajalar Bay area on 10 May. P-38's over Borneo hit Brooketon, Sarawak and Tarakan I.


5/9/45

Seventh AF

14 P-47's from Saipan sweep Truk. 29 B-24's from Guam, operating in 3 forces over a 6-hr period, bomb A/Fs, barracks, and T/Os on Param and Moen Is.


5/9/45

Eleventh AF

Radar discloses considerable shipping between Paramushiru and Shimushu. Thus, 12 B-24's take off and radar-bomb through overcast. Another B-24 flies a radar-ferreting sortie over Paramushiru and Shimushu.


5/10/45

Eighth AF

Effective this date, Gen Doolittle, CG, is relieved of duty in ETO and assigned to HQ AAF, Washington. He is relieved by Gen Kepner.


5/10/45

Ninth AF

9th Bomb Div is redesignated 9th Air Div. No operations for TACs and 9th Air Div.


5/10/45

Fourteenth AF

19 B-25's and 4 P-47's attack bridges at Fengstun and Pinyang, on the Song Chu R, and N of Singtai ( Pinyang tgt is destroyed), hit Yungfengshih and Chingshuping, and bomb A/F at Paoching. 100-120 FBs pounding T/Os over S and E China, disrupt enemy movement and supply lines.


5/10/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb A/F in Canton area. A-20's and FBs hit Cagayan Valley tgts and spt ground action in battle zones throughout Luzon. B-24's hit Impasugong, Kalasungay, and Malaybalay and B-25's in spt of ground forces attack Kibawe and Tagolaan. B-24's bomb Makassar ship basins, shore tgts at Balikpapan on Borneo, and Limboeng A/F on Celebes. B-25's, with ftr escort, hit Kari and comm T/Os on Formosa.


5/10/45

Twentieth AF

42 B-29's hit A/Fs at Matsuyama, Usa, Miyazaki, and Kanoya. 302 others bomb Tokuyama naval fuel station and coal yards, Otake oil refinery, and Amami-O-Shima naval oil storage facilities. B-29's claim 10 aircraft destroyed.


5/10/45

Seventh AF

11 Guam-based B-24's bomb A/F on Marcus in the morning. During afternoon 19 B-24's flying in 2 forces, hit A/Fs on Param and Moen.


5/10/45

Eleventh AF

The Eleventh and Fleet Air Wing Four execute the heaviest and most successful joint mission to date. 12 B-24's bomb shipping tgts at Kataoka naval base, and fly photo rcn over E and W Paramushiru on return trip. Next, 16 Attu-based B-25's take off. 1 aborts while the others hit shipping between Kashiwabara and Kataoka. Heavy AA fire claims 1 B-25. A B-24 and a B-25 forceland in the USSR.


5/11/45

Fourteenth AF

6 B-25's and 4 P-47's knock out Chungmow bridge and damage bridge at Sincheng. 2 B-25's bomb truck convoys in Paoching, Hengyang, and Changsha areas. 60-plus FBs hit troops, arty positions, comm tgts, and general T/Os in S and E China, concentrating on Yangchi and Fantung areas.


5/11/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb Toshien A/F and towns of Koshun, Kato, Takao, Toko, and Shajo. B-25's pound Kagi. B-25's, A-20's, and Fbs continue to spt ground action near Paranum and in Ipo Dam sector. B-24's bomb A/F at Keningau and B-25's bomb Brunei Bay area. B-24's hit Mandai and Boeloedowang A/Fs.


5/11/45

Twentieth AF

About 50 B-29's attack A/Fs at Oita, Saeki, Nittagahara, Miyazaki, and Miyakonojo. 92 others bomb Kawanishi aircraft plant at Kobe. B-29's claim 9 ftrs downed on Kobe mission. Missions against Japanese A/Fs terminate air campaign, begun on 17 Apr, during which Twentieth AF has devoted major effort toward hitting sources of Kamikaze raids against US Navy and Marine forces in the Battle of Okinawa.


5/11/45

Seventh AF

14 P-51's from Iwo Jima strafe and bomb radio station at Chichi Jima. 10 Guam-based B-24's hit A/F on Param, while 13 pound Marcus I runways.


5/12/45

Ninth AF

XIX TAC flies demonstration missions.


5/12/45

Twelfth AF

Large-scale redeployment of Twelfth AF units officially begins (although first large movement to ZI has earlier taken place on 12 Jan 45, followed by redeployment of various units to all the theaters). On 12 May the Twelfth has 198 units assigned and 8 attached. By the end of May, 17 assigned units will be redeployed from the theater, 43 assigned serv units disbanded (and personnel used to form 21 new serv units), 9 assigned units transferred to other HQ in the theater, and 1 attached unit released leaving 150 assigned and 7 attached units intact.


5/12/45

Fourteenth AF

17 B-25's and 8 P-51's bomb barracks and storage area at Loyang and hit railroad tgts around Sinsiang and Sinyang, from Hankow to Sinyang, from Chenghsien to Szeshui, from Kioshan to Lohochai, and between Hengshan and Yoyang and knock out bridge N of Hengyang. 150-plus FBs again hit scattered tgts in S
and E China, concentrating on road, rail, and river traffic and supply lines.


5/12/45

FEAF

A-20's and FBs spt ground forces on Luzon and Negros. B-24's pound several railroad and road bridges at Binh Dinh, Phu My, Bong Son, Lai Ha, Tuy Hoa, and Phu Hiep and attack railroad yard at An Trach and other railroad tgts. B-24's, B-25's, and P-38's hit tgts in Brunei Bay area including Labuan, Brooketon, and Jesselton A/Fs and troops on Tarakan I. B-24's bomb Makassar shipyards and Limboeng A/F.


5/12/45

Seventh AF

9 Guam-based B-24's bomb A/F on Marcus while 12 more
hit A/F on Param.


5/13/45

Fourteenth AF

5 B-24's lay mines in Yangtze R. 10 B-25's and 5 ftrs knock out bridges at Hankow and Hengyang but fail to hit bridge N of Siaokan. 130-plus FBs over areas of S and E China attack troops, bridges, rail traffic, town areas, and other T/Os and generally disrupt Japanese movement and comm.


5/13/45

FEAF

B-24's again pound bridges along Indochina coast. Bmrs and ftrs pound Cagayan Valley tgts and continue spt of ground forces on Luzon. B-24's hit troop concentrations and caves in Bugnay area. Other B-24's bomb Oelin and Tabanio A/Fs while B-25's and P-38's bomb Sandakan and spt ground forces on Tarakan I.


5/13/45

Twentieth AF

During 13/14 May 12 B-29's drop mines in Shimonoseki Strait.


5/13/45

Seventh AF

10 B-24's from Guam bomb underground hangar on Moen. 9 other HBs strike A/F on Marcus.


5/14/45

Fourteenth AF

B-24's mine the Yangtze R. 15 B-25's and 6 FBs
hit river shipping near Hengshan and pound bridges and other railroad tgts around Chushihtien, Sinyang, Kioshan, Kuanshuishih, Hengyang, Chuchou, Changsha, Yoyang, Sintien, Hsuchang, Saiping, and Hengshan. 120-plus FBs over S and E China hit numerous T/Os at several locations concentrating on Liping and Tungkow areas.


5/14/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb Hozan (largest military and air supply center on Formosa). A-20's and FBs spt ground forces on Luzon and Negros. B-24's attack Jesselton and Sepinggang A/Fs. B-25s hit Jesselton, Kudat, and Bintula A/Fs and spt ground forces on Tarakan I. B-24's lightly raid Makassar harbor, Sidate A/F, and Parepare warehouses and bomb Bima A/F on Soembawa.


5/14/45

Twentieth AF

472 B-29's blast urban area of N Nagoya. 11 VHBs are lost. About 20 enemy ftrs are downed. This is the XXI BC's first 4-wg raid as VHBs of the 58th Bomb Wg join bmrs from the 73d, 313th, and 314th Wgs in a single mission.


5/15/45

Tenth AF

Tenth AF moves from Myitkyina to Piardoba.


5/15/45

Fourteenth AF

A single B-24, supported by 2 P-51's, seriously damages 3 bridges near Singtai and Linmingkuan. 20 B-25's, some with ftr escort, bomb bridges, barracks, troops, horses, road and railroad tgts, and general T/Os around Sinyang, Yoyang, Changsha, Hsuchang, Chenghsien, Sichuan, Pinyang, Tsinkong, Luchou, Kweiping, Tanchuk, Laohokow, Siangyang, Nanying, Paoching, and Hengyang. 150 FBs over S and E China attack a variety of tgts chiefly road, rail, and river traffic, troops, and bridges, at many scattered locations. Liping and Tungkow areas are again well covered.


5/15/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb Shinchiku. Other B-24's and B-25's hit Miri and Kudat A/Fs and spt ground forces on Tarakan I. P-38's pound troop concentrations and gun positions on Mount Mandalagan.


5/15/45

Eleventh AF

13 B-24's bomb Kashiwabara-Kataoka area, claiming one ship destroyed, and a direct hit on another, and investigate radar activities. Low fog limits observation of other results. AA fire damages 2 B-24's, 1 of which forcelands in USSR.


5/16/45

Fourteenth AF

B-24's continue to lay mines in Yangtze R. 33 B-25's and 16 P-47's and P-51's attack railroad tgts, barracks, HQ, bridges, town areas, river shipping, and T/Os at or near Kaifeng, Sinyang, Chungsiang, Chienyangi, Ichang, Chingmen, Yanglowtung, Kiyang, Loyang, Szeshui, Hsihhsiassuehi, Shanhsien, Neihsiang, Liuehou, Kweiping, Nanyo, Shihlipu, Hojung, Mingkiang, and Kioshan. 100-plus FBs attack river, road, and rail traffic, troops, gun positions, and generally harass Japanese movement and supply lines in S and E China hitting especially T/Os in Yangehi.


5/16/45

FEAF

Nearly 100 P-38's pound tgts in Ipo Dam area with napalm. B-24's hit Manggar, Tondano, and Balikpapan while B-25's and P-38's hit Miri, Brooketon, Bintula' Ft Brook, and a flak ship near Labuan I. P-38's also spt ground forces on Tarakan I. B-24's bomb Taichu and B-25's hit alcohol plants and railroad yards.


5/16/45

Twentieth AF

25 B-29's mine Shimonoseki Strait and Maizuru and Miyazu harbors.


5/16/45

Seventh AF

13 Guam-based B-24's bomb A/F on Marcus. 11 others sent against Mareus abort because of bad weather.


5/17/45

Fourteenth AF

16 B-25's and about 100 ftrs continue to disrupt comm and supply lines and hinder enemy withdrawal from numerous locations of S and E China, pounding town areas, troop concentrations, storage areas, river, road, and rail traffic and general T/Os.


5/17/45

FEAF

During sweeps over Formosa, B-25's and P-51's cause widespread damage hitting railroad yards, bridges, and alcohol plants. B-24's bomb A/Fs at Nanseiho and Matsuyama. Ftrs fly 130-plus sorties against Ipo Dam area. B-24's bomb Sepinggang, Manggar, and Sidate A/Fs.


5/17/45

Twentieth AF

Between 0300 and 0600, 457 B-29's pound urban area of S Nagoya. 11 others hit T/Os.


5/17/45

Seventh AF

Ftrs from Iwo Jima fly 41 effective strike sorties against Atsugi. Pilots claim 10 parked aircraft destroyed. During 17/18 May 2 P-47's of 318th Gp, presently arriving on Ie Shima (between 13-19 May), fly heckling mission over Kyushu the first such Seventh AF mission against Japan.


5/18/45

Eighth AF

Troop Movement Section is organized at HQ Eighth AF under Director of Operations. It is to be the control unit over all redeployment activities.


5/18/45

Fourteenth AF

9 B-25's blast Siangtan supply areas. 8 B-25's, supported by 7 P-51's, hit railroad tgts and other T/Os around Sinyang, Kiaotow, Sintsiang, and Chenghsien. About 75 FBs and rcn airplanes continue harassment of enemy movement and supply lines throughout S and E China, escort of C-47 transports, and surveillance of enemy forces.


5/18/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb Taichu and Tainan A/Fs. B-25's and FBs sweep Formosa hitting numerous tgts. B-25's, A-20's, and FBs spt ground forces in N Luzon and pound concentrations in S Luzon. FBs also spt ground forces on Negros. B-24's and B-25's hit Ft Brook and Sarawak while B-24's and P-38's attack defenses on Tarakan I.


5/18/45

Twentieth AF

Adv air echelon of 509th Comp Gp arrives at North Field on Tinian. The 509th is scheduled to deliver atomic bomb attacks on Japan. Its CO is Col Paul W Tibbets Jr, a pilot with a distinguished record in the 97th Bomb Gp (H) in Europe and N Africa. During 18/19 May, 30 B-29's mine Shimonoseki Strait and Tsuruga Harbor.


5/18/45

Seventh AF

8 P-47's from Ie Shima make bombing, strafing, and rocket attacks on radar and ground installations on Kume Jima in Amami Gunto. Other P-47's fly heckler strikes against Kyushu during 18/19 May.


5/18/45

Eleventh AF

8 B-24's bomb naval, harbor, and A/F tgts in Kataoka. Another B-24 searches for enemy radar along the Kuril Is.


5/19/45

Fourteenth AF

4 B-25's blast Kaifeng warehouse area, destroying at least 5 warehouses, while another hits nearby railroad tracks. Another B-25 bombs town of Shanhsien. About 90 FBs attack river, road, and rail shipping, troops, supplies and general T/Os, continuing the disruption of troop movement and withdrawal in S and E China.


5/19/45

FEAF

B-24's pound Kiirun harbor. B-25's sweep W Formosa coast, hitting several tgts including Toyohara, Nisui, and along the Ts'eng-Wen R, hitting railroad yard, storage facilities, and damaging alcohol plant on the Ts'eng Wen. Ftrs sweep Giran, Tainan, and Heito areas. B-25's, A-20's, and FBs spt ground forces throughout Luzon, concentrating in Ipo Dam area. P-38's spt ground action on Cebu. B-24's bomb Oelin A/F and, along with P-38's, attack tgts on Tarakan I.


5/19/45

Twentieth AF

272 B-29's bomb city of Hamamatsu.


5/19/45

Eleventh AF

8 B-25's try to bomb Minami Cape radar installation and cannery on the Naka R. Only one gets near tgts and bombs and strafes the area, while intense AA fire and enemy ftrs drive off the rest and down 1 B-25. Another is missing and a third reaches Petropavlovsk.


5/20/45

Fourteenth AF

55 P-51's and P-40's pound truck concentrations, f uel dumps, gun positions, supply areas, troops, bridges, railroad, and river traffic, and various T/Os around Liping, Yangchi, Siangtan, Yoyang, Yungfengshih, Paoching, Taohwap
ing, Hengyang, Tungkow, and Changsha.


5/20/45

FEAF

Despite bad weather B-25's over Formosa bomb various comm tgts and alcohol plant at Meiji. B-25's, A-20's, and FBs pound Cagayan Valley tgts. B-24's bomb Piso Pt, and FBs spt ground action in Bukidnon area. P-38's hit Sandakan, Keningau, and Tarakan I. B-25's hit shipping at Balikpapan harbor and nearby barracks area and sawmill.


5/20/45

Twentieth AF

During 20/21 May, 30 B-29's mine Shimonoseki Strait, Maizuru harbor, and He-Saki anchorage.


5/20/45

Seventh AF

16 Saipan-based P-47's strafe A/Fs on Moen and Eten and seaplane base and barges of Dublon. 10 Guam-based B-24's hit air operations building on Marcus. 9 P-47's from Ie Shima hit hangar and 2 boats at Fukue-Shima. 32 others hit A/Fs, railroads, buildings, and radar facilities on Kyushu.


5/21/45

Fourteenth AF

8 B-25's bomb bridge approach N of Hankow, 1 damages railroad track between Changsha and Kweiyi, and 2 score near misses on bridge at Kuanhsuishih. 3 B-25's and 6 P-51's damage br idge at Chihsien and hit railroad T/Os in Anyang area. 50-plus FBs on armed r cn continue attacks against river, road, and rail traffic, positions, troops, bridges, and numerous other tgts in S and E China.


5/21/45

FEAF

B-25's blast numerous tgts in Cagayan valley while A-20's and P-51's spt ground forces in NW Luzon sectors. P-38's napalm-bomb Ipo Dam and Marikina R sectors and hit positions throughout Negros T. B-24's hit Brunei, Melak airstrip, Samarinda shipyards, and troop concentrations on Tarakan I. P-38's strafe railroad rolling stock in Saigon area.


5/21/45

Seventh AF

P-47's fly heckler strikes against Kyushu during 21/22 May.


5/22/45

Fourteenth AF

15 B-25's and 7 FBs knock out rail bridge at HeiShih Kuan, damage bridge approach at Hwayuan, and hit a variety of tgts S of Kuo-lueh-chen. 10 P-51's drop napalm on trucks, barracks, storage, trains, and town areas at Sinyang, and Shanyangchen. 45 other FBs and photo rcn airplanes attack railroad tgts, bridges, troops, and other tgts at several S and E China points and survey enemy movements.


5/22/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb Toshien and Okayama while B-25's hit oil plant W of Kagi and several T/Os. B-25's, A-20's, and FBs attack Santa Fe, Fula, and Casambalangan areas in the N part of Luzon and spt ground forces in Ipo Dam and Marikina areas in the S. HBs, Mbs, and FBs attack Jesselton, Kudat, Bintula, and Tarakan I.


5/22/45

Twentieth AF

During 22/23 May, 30 B-29's mine Shimonoseki Strait and approaches.


5/23/45

Ninth AF

Gen Weyland assumes cmd of Ninth AF. Gen Sanders becomes CG XIX TAC. XIX TAC flies navigational patrol to Gmunden, Liezen, Radstadt, and Innsbruck.


5/23/45

Fourteenth AF

14 B-25's and 6 P-51's attack bridge and gun positions N and S of Hwayuan, knock out bridge and hit boxcars at (Chungmow, damage bridge N of Lohochai, damage bridge and nearby gun positions at Kuanshuishih, and pound truck convoys around Paoching, Hengyang, and Changsha. 30-plus FBs hit various T/Os around Liping, Yoyang, Changsha, Hengyang, Luntangpu, Chingmen, Shasi, and Ichang.


5/23/45

FEAF

A-20's and B-25's hit Cagayan Valley and Balete Pass tgts. P-51's spt ground forces in Baguio area and P-38's hit Ipo-Antipolo areas. Tawau, Bintula, Samarinda, and Miri are hit by HBs, Ft Brook and Weston by MBs, and Tarakan I by FBs.


5/23/45

Twentieth AF

During 23/24 May, 520 out of 562 B-29's sent against Tokyo bomb an urban-industrial area S of the Imperial Palace along W side of the harbor. 5 others hit T/Os. 17 B-29's are lost. This is the largest number of B-29's participating in a single mission during World War II.


5/23/45

Seventh AF

32 P-47's from Saipan strafe Moen A/Fs and boats off Tol, buildings on Tarik, and seaplane base, buildings, and small boats at Dublon.


5/23/45

Eleventh AF

7 B-24's radar-bomb Kataoka naval base area while another flies a radar-ferret mission in the same area.


5/24/45

Ninth AF

Gen Sanders becomes CG 9th Air Div.


5/24/45

Fourteenth AF

5 B-25's knock out railroad bridge N of Anyang. 30-plus FBs attack railroad tgts, truck convoys, bridges, and other T/Os around Anyang, Sichuan, Kuolueh-chen, Kuantaokou, Luntangpu, Tioupo T,anhokow, Sinsiang, Nanyang, Kiehsiu, Linfen, Taiyuan, Puchou, and Yutze.


5/24/45

FEAF

B-24's pound Cagayan Valley tgts including Aparri. B-25's, A-20's, and P-51's hit numerous tgts throughout the Valley and in NW and S Luzon, including Vira, Callang, Santa Cruz, Baguio, Balete Pass, Ipo, and Antipolo areas. FBs also spt ground forces on Negros. B-24's, B-25's, and P-38's attack Ft Brook, Bintula, Tawau, Beaufort, Jesselton, along the Lawas R, and Malinau.


5/24/45

Twentieth AF

During 24/25 May, 25 B-29's lay mines in Shimonoseki Strait and at Niigata, Nanao, and Fushiki.


5/24/45

Seventh AF

26 Guam-based B-24's pound A/F and surrounding area on Marcus. P-47's fly heckler strikes against Kyushu during 24/25 May.


5/24/45

VII FC

120 Iwo Jima-based ftrs dispatched against Matsudo and Tokorozawa abort because of weather.


5/25/45

JCS

JCS approve directive for Operation OLYMPIC, the invasion of the Japanese Home Islands, scheduled for 1 Nov 45.


5/25/45

Fourteenth AF

5 B-25's and 2 P-51's knock out a bridge N of Kioshan, damage another N of Changtuikuan, and pound railroad tgts around Sinyang, Saiping, Sinantien, Hsuchang, and Chenghsien. 16 FBs on armed rcn hit various T/Os in Anyang, Hantan, Chenghsien, Kaifeng, Linfen, Shihkiachwang, Sinsiang, Miyanghsien, Nanyang, Tenghsien, Loning, Sichuan, and Hsuchang areas.


5/25/45

FEAF

B-25's, A-20's, and FBs fly numerous strikes and ground spt missions. FBs also spt ground forces on Cebu I. B-24's bomb Oelin, Ft Brook, and Tarakan I while B-25's and P-38's hit Kudat. P-38's also spt ground action on Tarakan.


5/25/45

Twentieth AF

During 25/26 May, 464 B-29's pound urban area of Tokyo immediately S of the Imperial Palace just N of that bombed on 23/24 May, including financial, commercial, and governmental districts as well as factories and homes. 26 B-29's are lost on this mission, the highest single-day loss of VHBs in World War II. US gunners claim 19 ftrs destroyed.


5/25/45

VII FC

By concurrence of CINCPOA, VII FC, with its subordinate units, is assigned to operational and administrative control of Twentieth AF. Iwo Jima-based ftrs fly 73 effective strike sorties against Matsudo and Tokorozawa.


5/25/45

Eleventh AF

2 B-24's fly a radar ferret mission over Matsuwa and bomb Tagan Cape area. Another B-24 flies armed weather rcn.


5/26/45

Twelfth AF

Gen Myers assumes cmd of Twelfth AF.


5/26/45

Fifteenth AF

Gen Mollison assumes cmd of Fifteenth AF.


5/26/45

Fourteenth AF

12 B-25's and 6 P-51's damage 2 bridges N of Hankow. 4 B-25's hit railroad tgts around Lohochai and between Kinkiang and Kioshan. 3 B-25's attack truck convoys in Siangtan and Paoching areas and along Paoching-HengyangChangsha highway. 80-plus FBs over several areas in S and E China continue to harass Japanese movements, attacking troops and positions and hitting rail and road traffic. Japanese . complete withdrawal from Yungning, severing land connection with Indochina. Chinese retake Nanning.


5/26/45

FEAF

B-25's and P-38's sweep W part of Formosa causing extensive damage to a variety of comm and industrial tgts. A-20's and FBs pound numerous Luzon tgts, particularly in Balete Pass area. B-24's bomb Tuguegarao and Echague. FBs also spt ground forces on Cebu. B-24's, B-25's, and FBs hit Tarakan I, Beaufort, Weston, Tenom, Trusan Haji, Sandakan, and Jesselton.


5/26/45

Twentieth AF

During 26/27 May, 29 B-29's mine waters in Shimonoseki Strait and at Fushiki, Fukuoka, and Karatsu.


5/26/45

Seventh AF

16 P-47's from Saipan strafe A/Fs on Moen, seaplane base on Dublon, and several T/Os. 10 Guam-based B-24's bomb A/F on Marcus.


5/27/45

Fourteenth AF

16 B-25's bomb textile mill at Chenghsien, attack trains, railroad track and bridge in Lohochai area, and bomb railroad yards at Sinyang. 80-plus FBs attack town areas, trucks, railroad tgts, bridges, and general T/Os at scattered S and E China locations.


5/27/45

FEAF

B-24's pound railroad yards and rolling stock at Muong Man and Phan Rang. B-25's and FBs attack tgts at Koshun, Shinei, Tairin, Ensui, Kohyo, and Kobi and attack numerous T/Os at many other Formosan locations. B-24's, A-20's, and FBs hit Cagayan Valley tgts while other FBs spt ground forces in Balete Pass, Baguio, and Ipo Dam sectors. HBs, MBs, and FBs attack Tawau, Kudat, Langkon, and Sandakan, and hit tgts on Tarakan I.


5/27/45

Twentieth AF

During 27/28 May 9 B-29's drop mines in Shimonoseki Strait and in Moji area.


5/27/45

Seventh AF

16 Saipan-based P-47's sweep Truk, strafing A/F, aircraft, and radio tower and facilities at Moen, buildings at Dublon seaplane base and on Udot I, and small craft off Dublon and Fanamu.


5/28/45

Fourteenth AF

19 B-25's, along with 8 FBs, hit railroad, road, and river traffic around Vinh, Quang Tri, Dap Cau, and Song Chu, knock out bridge at Hwayuan, and demolish tunnel opening near Wuchang. 16 P-51's cause heavy damage and casualties blasting a bridge and military installations near Wuchang. 27 P-51's hit bridges, troops, storage, trucks, trains, rivercraft, and other tgts in Yoyang area. 65 other FBs attack T/Os at several locations throughout S and E China. 15 photo rcn airplanes continue to maintain good coverage of enemy movements.


5/28/45

FEAF

B-24's again bomb railroad yards E of Saigon at Phan Rang and Muong Man. B-25's and FBs attack industrial T/Os at Shoka, Taichu, Ujitsu, Byoritsu, and other Formosan locations. B-24's, B-25's, A-20's, and FBs attack Pateng, Ipo Dam area, Tuguegarao and Ugac airstrips, Anuling, Baguio area, guns and defenses in Balete Pass area, and spt ground forces at several points. B-24's, B-25's, and ftrs hit; gun positions and other tgts at Balikpapan. P-38's dive-bomb Keningau and Jesselton A/Fs.


5/28/45

VII FC

Ftrs from Iwo Jima hit Kasumigaura and its A/F. 6 planes are claimed destroyed and 40-plus damaged. P-47's fly heckler strikes against Kyushu during 28/29 May. Japanese wage their last strong air effort on Okinawa hitting a number of ships and sinking destroyer USS Drexler.


5/29/45

Fourteenth AF

A single B-24 damages railroad bridge over Huto R. 4 B-25's and 4 P-51's knock out bridge S of Kuanshuishih. 2 B-25's over Indochina attack locomotives near Vinh. About 30 Fbs attack comm and transportation tgts around Yoyang, Thanh Hoa, Vinh, Quang Tri, Vinh Yen, and Chenghsien.


5/29/45

FEAF

More than 100 B-24's bomb Kiirun and several other towns on Formosa. B-25's, and FBs hit Tainan alcohol plant and T/Os in Tokyo area. B-24's, B-25's, and A-20's hit a variety of tgts in N while other FBs hit C part of Luzon including Cagayan Valley, Baguio, Balete, and Ipo areas. HBs hit A/Fs at Oelin, Tabanio, and Ft Brook.


5/29/45

Twentieth AF

Ground echelon of 509th Comp Gp begins to arrive on Tinian. 454 B-29's, escorted by 101 P-51's from the VII FC for first time on a fire-bomb raid, bomb Yokohama with incendiaries and destroy the main business district (a third of the city's area) along the waterfront. Burned out area of Yokohama now amounts to almost 9 sq mi. About 150 ftrs attack the formations. 7 B-29's and 3 P-51's are lost. The P-51's claim 26 ftrs shot down while the VHBs claim 6.


5/29/45

Eleventh AF

4 B-25's weatherabort a shipping sweep along the E coasts of Paramushiru and Shimushu.


5/30/45

Fourteenth AF

7 B-25's pound railroad yards at Sinsiang and knock out bridge at Sincheng. 28 FBs attack bridges, enemy positions, trucks, railroad tgts, barracks, and general T/Os around Anyang, Liuchow, Chingmen, Chungmow, Linfen, Huluehchen, Kweilin, Hsinganhsien, Leiyang, and Yenkoupu.


5/30/45

FEAF

On Formosa 100-plus B-24's pound Takao while ftrs sweep coastal areas. B-25's concentrate on Shinei area. A-20's hit Cagayan Valley tgts. HBs and ftrs hit several tgts in Borneo, concentrating on Tawau personnel and supply area and airstrip at Ranau.


5/30/45

Seventh AF

10 Guam-based B-24's hit Marcus A /F. 14 P-47's strafe barges at Truk Atoll. 28 P-47's from Ie Shima hit shipping and lighthouse at Amami-O-Shima and Okino Erabu.


5/31/45

AAF

USAAF units, including Tenth AF and US components of EAC, are withdrawn from SEAC and returned to operational control of AAF. EAC is inactivated, along with the Strategic AF and Combat Cargo TF.


5/31/45

Fourteenth AF

5 B-25's and 4 P-47's hit railroad tracks and cars in Chenghsien and Kaifeng areas, knock out bridge at Sinyang, damage bridge at Lohochai, and strafe AA positions at both bridges. 30-plus FBs damage 4 bridges, hit several railroad tgts and rivercraft, attack trucks and troops, and strafe numerous T/Os around Shihkiachwang, Changsha, Yoyang, Yenkoupu, Taohwaping, Changanyi, Chiuchiang, Liuchow, Tsingkonp, and Paoching.


5/31/45

FEAF

B-24's, B-25's, and FBs attack Formosan tgts, with 90-plus HBs concentrating on Takao. Other planes hit Koshun, Giran warehouses and comm tgts, and blast transportation and comm tgts over wide areas of Formosa. B-25's, A-20's, and FBs hit tgts in Cagayan Valley, in Balete Pass, and in Baguio and Ipo areas. Fbs also hit Negros I. B-25's and FBs hit troop concentrations on Tarakan I and occupied building area at Belait. FBs also blast A/Fs at Kudat, Jesselton, Keningau, and Labuan.


5/31/45

Seventh AF

8 P-47's from Ie Shima strafe buildings, barracks, and seaplane ramps at Amami-O-Shima.


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