7/1/45

Fourteenth AF

A few B-25's bomb bridge and ferry terminal at Chungmow and near Kaifeng. 4 escorting P-47's strafe Kaifeng A/F and locomotives in the area. 4 other P-47's bomb railroad yards at Yuhsiang. 4 P-51's knock out bridge E of Kiehsiu. On this date Chinese forces capture Liuchow.


7/1/45

FEAF

B-24's pound defenses at Balikpapan as Australian forces make amphibious landings. B-24's, B-25's, and P-38's hit A/Fs at Oelin, Tabanio, and Trombol, and bomb Tawau area. B-24's hit Limboeng and Mandai airstrips. FBs hit troops and gun positions in Kayan-Tadian area.


7/1/45

Twentieth AF

530-plus B-29's carry out incendiary attacks on Ube, Kure, Shimonoseki, and Kumamoto. During 12 Jul, 24 other B-29's mine Shimonoseki Strait and waters at Nanao and Fushiki.


7/1/45

Seventh AF

2 B-24's from Guam bomb building concentration on Marcus. 33 B-25's, operating in two flights from Okinawa, bomb Chiran A/F on Kyushu. 2 others hit Yaku I.


7/1/45

VII FC

84 Iwo Jima-based ftrs hit tgts at Kasumigaura, Itami. Hamamatsu, and Nagano.


7/1/45

ZI

HQ, Weather Wg is redesignated HQ, AAF Weather Serv.


7/2/45

Fourteenth AF

28 P-51's hit rail, river, and road traffic, bridge, and buildings around Hengyang, Hankow, and Yoyang, attack bivouac area and HQ E of Changsha, bomb troop concentration and buildings at Yangan. The FBs pound HQ, buildings, fortified compound, barracks, general T/Os around Tartin, and troop concentration near Sichuan.


7/2/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb defenses in Halikpapan area and P-38's spt Australian forces as they complete capture of Balikpapan and its oil installations. B-25's hit Bintula personnel area. FBs hit resistance pockets near Kiangan and supply areas in the Cervantes sector. B-24's pound Toyohara A/F.


7/2/45

Twentieth AF

During 2 3 Jul, 39 B-29's bomb oil refinery at Minoshima.


7/2/45

Seventh AF

3 B-24's from Guam attack radar installation on Marcus.


7/3/45

Fourteenth AF

3 B-25's knock out bridge near Suicheng while 2 P-47 escorts hit nearby AA positions. 70-plus P-51's and P-47's continue to disrupt Japanese withdrawal, attacking transport, supply, and comm tgts, troops, bridges and Japanese-held points. The tgts are near Hengyang, Paoching, Kueiyangshih, Changsha, Kweilin, Lingling, Kukong, Hankow, Siangtan, Isuho, Chiuchiang, Fahsien, Tanchuk, Lohochai, and Luichow Peninsula. The Fbs also hit shipping, cement plant, A/F, and barracks area near Haiphong.


7/3/45

FEAF

Fifth AF ftrs fly their first mission over Japan, P-51's destroying floatplanes in Fukuoka harbor area. FBs hit resistance areas in Mankayan and Kiangan sectors. B-24's bomb runways at Mandai and Limboeng A/Fs. B-24's pound Batu Kawa airstrip SE of Kuching and def positions near Balikpapan in spt of Australian drive inland.


7/3/45

Twentieth AF

Air echelon of XX BC, including Gen Joseph Smith, CG, sails for Okinawa. The rest of the cmd sails in 2 lots, on 12 Jul and 4 Aug, leaving only a few small dets in India-Burma. (58th Bomb Wg earlier sailed to the Marianas. See 27 Feb). 560-plus B-29's drop incendiaries on Kochi, Himeji, Takamatsu, and Tokushima, during 3/4 Jul. 26 others mine Shimonoseki St;rait and waters at Funakawa and Maizuru during the predawn hrs of the 4th.


7/3/45

Seventh AF

2 B-24's from Guam attack water storage buildings on Marcus. 36 B-25's from Okinawa, attacking in two flights, hit Chiran A/F.


7/4/45

AAF, China Theater

A group of officers arrives at Chungking to organize HQ, AAF China Theater.


7/4/45

Fourteenth AF

30 P-51's and P-38's over Indochina and S and E China attack docks and shipping at Haiphong, Red R shipping between Hanoi and Hung Yen, small craft betueen Mon Cay and Pakhoi, between Elongay and Pai-lung Wei Cape, and between Pai-lung Wei Cape and Umpo. The FBs also hit road traffic on Luichow Peninsula and sampans E of Tanchuk.


7/4/45

FEAF

P-51's fly massive sweep along W coast of Kyushu. FBs spt ground forces in Cagayan Valley. Others attack Batan I. B-24's again pound defenses near Balikpapan. B-26's bomb Sibuti. Other B-24's pound Donggala seaplane base and runways at Boeloedowang and Limboeng A/Fs.


7/4/45

Seventh AF

3 B-24's from Guam attack AA installations on SW corner of Marcus.


7/4/45

VII FC

Iwo Jima-based ftrs fly 161 effective strike sorties against Yokosuka naval base, Imba, Tsukuba, and Kasumigaura.


7/4/45

Eleventh AF

8 B-24's radar-bomb ltataoka naval base.


7/5/45

Ninth AF

Col Roger J Rrowne takes cmd of XIX TAC.


7/5/45

Fourteenth AF

8 B-25's sink several sampans and junks at Haiphong and damage several larger vessels. 2 B-25's and 2 P-47's knock out bridge S of Chumatien. 37 P-51's over Indochina and S and E China blast shipping in Hongay and Haiphong area, pound docks and small vessels at Chikhom, knock out bridge at Chumatien, blast barracks area at Anyang, and hit river and rail traffic around Tanchuk and Chenghsien.


7/5/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb Toshien, Takao, Toyohara and nearby Kamioka supply area, and Taihoku A/F. FBs fly nearly 100 sorties in spt of ground forces in Kiangan area. B-24's bomb Manggar and Riko. Australian troops cross Balikpapan Bay and land on W shore. P-51's sweeping Kyushu strafe T/Os and down several aircraft.


7/5/45

Seventh AF

46 B-24's and 24 B-25's all from Okinawa bomb Omura A/F and 2 towns in the Omura-Nagasaki area.


7/5/45

VII FC

100-plus ftrs, based on Iwo Jima, strike Ibaraki, Yatabe, Yawatasaki Cape, and Maruta.


7/6/45

AAF, China Theater

Gen Stratemeyer officially assumes cmd as CG AAF China Theater. He arrives in Chinia several days later.


7/6/45

Fourteenth AF

98 P-51's and P-38's over Indochina and S and E China continue to disrupt Japanese retreat and hit transport and supply tgts. Rail, road, and river traffic, coastal shipping, bridges, troops, Japanese-held areas, and general T/Os are blasted at many locations chiefly around Kweilin, Kukong, Yangso, Haiphong, and Hanoi. On this date Gen Chennault, CG Fourteenth AF, requests permission to retire, which is soon granted.


7/6/45

FEAF

FBs continue to spt ground forces N of Kiangan and bomb town of Mankayan. B-24's bomb Heito, F,yutan, and Taien A/Fs and A-26's pound Taito railroad yards. B-24's over Borneo bomb Bandjermasin warehouses, Tandjoengredeb buildings, Samarinda shipyards, and Balikpapan and Manggar areas. P-51's hit transportation tgts in Kagoshima Bay area.


7/6/45

Twentieth AF

Taking off during late evening hours of 6 Jul, 517 B-29's drop incendiaries on Chiba, Akashi, Shimizu, and Kofu between 0700-0800 on 7 Jul. 59 others bomb Maruzen Oil Refinery at Osaka during the same hr.


7/6/45

VII FC

Ftrs f rom Iwo Jima hit tgts (mainly A/Fs) in Japan, including Kumagaya, Yamagata, and Chiba.


7/7/45

Fourteenth AF

80-plus P-51's and P-38's over Indochina and S and E China continue to disrupt Japanese withdrawal, pounding numerous comm and transport tgts and general T/Os particularly in the Yangso, Kweilin, `and Fenstun areas.


7/7/45

FEAF

B-25's and FBs strike at remnants of Japanese army in the Laguna de Bay and Marikina areas. FBs also hit areas of resistance near Kiangan, Penahlanca, and Mankayan. B-24's, B-25's, and P-38's spt Australian ground forces in area near Balikpapan. B-24's bomb Matsuyama and Taihoku A/Fs in force.


7/7/45

VII FC

100-plus ftrs dispatched from Iwo Jima to hit tgts in Japan abort because of bad weather.


7/8/45

Fourteenth AF

6 B-25's and 4 P-47's severely damage bridge N of Sinsiang and hit nearby trains. 60-plus P-38's, P-47's, and P-51's pound river shipping, rail traffic, supplies, and troops at Haiphong, Do Son, Tourane and at numerous locations in S and E China.


7/8/45

FEAF

P-38's and P-51's supporting ground operations hit supply and personnel areas near Kiangan and Penablanca. B-24's bomb Shinchiku A/F, B-25's start fires at Getsubi alcohol plant and on Koto I, and P-38's attack oil production area at Gyuni Kuki. B-24's and B-25's, supporting Australian forces, hit Balikpapan area def positions, Samarinda shipyards, various tgts along Samarinda road, and warehouses at Tandjung. B-24's (including some of RAAF) bomb Donggala warehouses.


7/8/45

VII FC

100-plus ftrs from Iwo Jima pound A/Fs and other tgts at Hyakuri, Chofu, Tokorozawa, and Yachimata. 5 aircraf t are claimed downed and at least 26 destroyed on the ground. 8 US ftrs are lost.


7/9/45

Fourteenth AF

5 B-25's knock out 2 bridges in Sinantien area. 14 P-51's and P-38's knock out bridges near Hengyang and Sinshih, damage bridge near Chihsien, and attack shipping and railroad T/Os around Hankow, Lukou, Sinshih, and Dong Hoi.


7/9/45

FEAF

P-38's and P-51's fly ground spt in Iguig area of Cagayan R Valley and hit Sabangan. Nearly 50 P-51's are weathered out of Kyushu sweep. B-24's bomb Okaseki, Toyohara, and Takao A/Fs. A-26's attack Karenko. B-24's and P-38's supporting Australian forces, hit Japanese forces in areas near Balikpapan, Manggar, and Sepinggang. (Australian and Dutch forces complete encirclement of Balikpapan Bay). Other HBs hit Samarinda shipyards. B-25's in spt of operations in Brunei Bay area bomb Japanese-occupied area E of Beaufort.


7/9/45

Twentieth AF

During 9/10 Jul, 475 B-29's attack Sendai, Sakai, Gifu, and Wakayama with incendiaries. 61 bomb oil refinery at Yokkaichi, and 31 mine Shimonoseki Strait and waters at Niigata and Nanao.


7/9/45

Seventh AF

43 B-24's from Okinawa bomb Omura A/F (1 other bombs A/F on Kikai I. 50-plus Okinawa-based B-25's hit Tokuno A/F on Tokuno I.


7/9/45

VII FC

100-plus Iwo Jima-based ftrs hit tac tgts at Itami, Hamamatsu, Aichi, and Washinomiya, claiming 12 air victories and 5 parked airplanes destroyed.


7/10/45

Fourteenth AF

14 B-25's bomb town of Dong Anh, railroad shops at Phu Lang Thuong, and truck convoys moving through Siang Chiang Valley. 22 P-51's and P-38's bomb warehouses at Wuchang, hit railroad T/Os near Yoyang, strafe 3 railroad stations N of Chuanhsien, bomb buildings N of Kanchou, knock out bridge approach S of Chuting, damage bridge near Hengyang, and hit T/Os at Weichow I, Laohokow, and Tourane.


7/10/45

FEAF

P-38's and P-51's spt ground action in N Cagayan Valley and hit enemy pockets E of Manila. B-24's bomb Tainan A/F, destroying several planes, and bomb warehouses at Takao. Bad weather again prevents ftr sweep over Kyushu. B-24's hit town of Muarakaman and A/F at Tabanio while P-38's strafe numerous T/Os in SE Borneo. B-24's bomb Donggala warehouse area.


7/10/45

Seventh AF

During 10/11 Jul 1 B-24 from Okinawa bombs Karasehara A/F. 43 other Okinawa-based B-24's bomb Wan and Sateku A/Fs on Kikaiga I. 50-plus B-25's bomb Wan A/F on Kikaiga I and Saha-Saki on Naka-No I, both in the Ryukyus, and Kurume.


7/10/45

VII FC

Ftrs, based on Iwo Jima, fly over 100 effective strike sorties against Hashin, Nishinomiya, Sano, and Tokushima, mostly hitting A/Fs.


7/10/45

Eleventh AF

4 B-24's fly a search down the W coasts of Paramushiru and Shimushu and then radar-bomb Minami Cape. 1 B-24 flies a radar ferret mission over N Kurils.


7/11/45

Fourteenth AF

25 P-51's and P-40's attack bridges, troops, gun positions, rail traffic, rivercraft, coastal shipping, and various scattered tgts at or near Nanchang, Kweiyi, Puchi, Tanchuk, and Luichow Peninsula.


7/11/45

FEAF

P-51's sweep Kyushu. B-24's bomb Shinchiku A/F. B-25's and
FBs pound troop concentrations and defenses in Cagayan Valley. B-24's pound troop concentrations on Negros I. B-25's and P-38's pound highway tgts in Balikpapan area.


7/11/45

Twentieth AF

During 11/12 Jul, 25 B-29's mine Shimonoseki Strait and waters at Miyazu, Maizuru, Obama I and, in the first B-29 operation to Korea, at Pusan and Najin.


7/11/45

Seventh AF

During 11/'12 Jul, 2 B-24's from Okinawa attack Byu and Miyazaki A/Fs.


7/11/45

Eleventh AF

5 B-24's radar-bomb Kataoka. 4 B-25's fly shipping sweep and bomb Otomae Bay fishery, scoring hits among the buildings.


7/12/45

Twelfth AF

XII AFSC is disbanded at Siena.


7/12/45

Fourteenth AF

3 B-25's blast supply convoys moving through Siang Chiang Valley. 43 P-51's and P-38's attack bridges, rivercraft, barracks road traffic, and coastal shipping around Changsha, Hsinching, Hamrong, Tonkin area, Cao Bang, Luichow Peninsula, and Nanchang. 2 bridges are knocked out and others damaged, A/Fs are strafed at Vinh and Kiungshan.


7/12/45

FEAF

P-51's sweep Kyushu. B-24's bomb Canton. Other B-24's bomb Toshien while A-26's hit numerous tgts at Tamazato. P-51's hit tgts along W Formosan coast. FBs hit pillboxes E of Iguig, attack concentrations in Bontoc-Kiangan area, and spt ground forces E of Manila. (Town of Kiangan falls to 6th Inf Div, but resistance in area continues). B-24's over Negros I in spt of ground forces bomb concentration NE of Mount Mandalagan. B-24's destroy Tandjung barrack area. B-24's hit Donggala warehouses.


7/12/45

Twentieth AF

During 12/13 Jul 453 B-29's drop incendiaries on Utsonomiya, Ichinomiya, Tsuruga, and Uwajima. 53 others bomb petroleum center at Kawasaki.


7/12/45

Seventh AF

HQ Seventh AF on Okinawa is declared open by GO on this date. 47 B-24's from Okinawa, failing to bomb primary (Tsuiki) because of clouds attack A/F on Kikaiga I at Amami Gunto. 2 Okinawabased B-24's bomb Byu and Miyazaki A/Fs during the night. 50-plus B-25's bomb Kanoya A/F and town of Aburatsu on Kyushu and Tokuno A/F on Tokuno I. Chiran A/F is pounded by 70 B-25's and A-26's. (This is first strike against Japan by Seventh AF A-26's.) 2 more A-26's hit Ibusuki seaplane station.


7/12/45

Eleventh AF

4 B-25's on shipping sweep bomb and strafe a freighter. 1 B-25 is lost.


7/13/45

Fourteenth AF

14 B-25's and 12 P-51's attack bridges, railroad yards, AA guns, and T/Os at Anyang, Puchi, and Do Cam. 33 P-51's and P-38's attack river shipping, buildings, road traffic, rail tgts, and general T/Os around Trung Khanh Phu, Tonkin Delta area, Cao Bang, Wangypan, Luichow Peninsula, Thanh Hoa, Pinglo, Changsha, and Wuchou.


7/13/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb storage areas of Canton. B-24's bomb boatyards and buildings at Suo while A-26's hit Karenko railroad yards. B-24's bomb concentrations NE of Mount Mandalagan. MBs and FBs hit Kiangan area, attack Japanese pockets E of Iguig and N of Tuguegarao, pound pillboxes, ammo dumps, and vehicles in Cervantes sector, and blast hostile areas near Siniloan, NE of Laguna de Bay. P-38's attack gun entrenchments in Miri area. P-38's on sweep over SW Celebes hit vehicles and comm tgts.


7/13/45

Twentieth AF

During 13/14 Jul, 30 B-29's mine Shimonoseki Strait and waters at Fukuoka, ports at Seishin, Masan, and Reisui.


7/14/45

Fourteenth AF

25 P-51's and P-38's bomb or strafe ammo and supply dumps, river, road, and rail traffic, and coastal shipping around Laohokow, Hung Yen, Bac Ninh, Tinpak, Hongay, Mon Cay, Vinh, Koyiu, and Yutze.


7/14/45

FEAF

On this date Seventh AF officially joins Fifth and Thirteenth AFs as part of FEAF. A-26's hit Taiharo refinery and warehouse area. P-51's over W coast blast railroad tgts. P-47's sweep N China coast and attack coastal cargo vessels NW of Tinghai. FBs spt ground forces in Mankayan and Kiangan areas and hit enemy positions in Ipo-Infanta sector. B-24's spt ground forces on Negros I, bombing area NE of Mount Mandalagan. Other B-24's bomb airstrips at Boeloedowang, Limboeng, Mapanget, and Tanamon and Japanese HQ at Sindjai.


7/14/45

Seventh AF

The Seventh is assigned from AAFPOA and overall operational control by the Navy to FEAF. Seventh AF units in the Ryukyus, operating under Tac AF, Ryukyus (Tenth Army Tac AF) since Apr when first element of the HQ Seventh AF arrived, are now under operational control of HQ Seventh AF which opens in Okinawa on this clate. Move from Saipan takes place between 18 Jun and 28 Jul.


7/14/45

VII FC

Ftrs from Iwo Jima sent on strike against Meiji and Kagamigahara abort because of weather.


7/15/45

Fourteenth AF

3 B-25's blast truck convoys moving through Siang Chiang Valley. 39 P-51's and P-47's attack rivercraft, troops, coastal shipping, bridges, railroad yards, gun positions, trains, and other tgts around Luichow Peninsula, Anyang, Yutze, Sinsiang, Fentingtukou, Paoching, Tanchuk, Kweiyi, Pac Muong, and Haiphong.


7/15/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb arms plant at Canton. On Formosa P-51's sweep W coast, blasting a warehouse and other buildings S of Takao and T/Os on Hoko I. P-38's and P-51's spt ground forces in N Cayagan Valley, in Kiangan sector, and in Cervantes area. B-25's and P-51's bomb def positions in Infanta sector. 58 B-24's hit A/Fs at Tomitaka and Usa. 25 pound Kikai I, Miranoura on Yaku I, and A/F at Tamega I.


7/15/45

Twentieth AF

During 15/16 Jul, 26 B-29's mine waters at Naoetsu, Niigata, Najin, Pusan, and Wonsan. 59 other B-29's bomb Nippon Oil Company at Kudamatsu.


7/15/45

VII FC

Iwo Jima-based ftrs fly over 100 effective sorties against A/Fs and other tac tgts at Meiji, Kagamigahara, Kowa, Akenogahara, Nagoya, and Suzuko.


7/16/45

International

Conference opens at Potsdam to draw up terms for Japanese surrender and to discuss military and political problems connected with the ending of hostilities.


7/16/45

US

The first atomic bomb is successfully exploded at Los Alamos.


7/16/45

Eighth AF

HQ Eighth AF issues its last movement order in ETO. After much reorganization and r edeployment of units, HQ relieves VIII FC from assignment to Eighth AF and directs HQ and HQ Sq to move from Charleroi back to UK (the unit moves to High Wycombe the following day, 17 Jul) where VIII FC is to assume control over all Eighth AF units remaining in UK. HQ Eighth AF is transferred without personnel, equipment, or combat elements to Okinawa, where Eighth and Twentieth AFs are to comprise USASTAF under cmd of Gen Spuatz. By this date over 90,000 persons (more than 50 per cent of the Eighth's strength on 30 Apr 45) have been redeployed to US, N Africa, and various parts of ETO.


7/16/45

AAF, India-Burma Theater

Gen Hanley assumes cmd of AAF, IndiaBurma Theater.


7/16/45

Fourteenth AF

5 B-25's pound enemy truck convoys moving supplies through Siang-Chiang Valley and S of Kweilin. 60-plus P-51's, P-38's, and P-47's continue to hit river, road, and rail traffic, bridges, troops, supplies, and other tgts at many points in Indochina and S and E China.


7/16/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb warehouses at Watampone. P-51's and B-25's spt ground forces in Kiangan-Baguio sector and area E of Manila. P-51's on sweep of Formosa attack comm tgts, hitting railroad station and locomotive shed at Byoritsu and scoring direct hit on bridge SW of Koryu. B-24's, A-26's, B-25's, P-51's and P-47's from Okinawa and Ie Shima pound Kyushu. P-51's hit several E coast tgts, concentrating in Kagoshima Bay area. 27 A-26's, 1 B-24, and 39 P-47's hit A/F and bridge at Miyazaki; 33 B-24's bomb bridges at Nobeoka; 36 B-25's, a B-24 and an A-26 pound Sadohara bridge; 6 B-24's bomb harbor and town of Aburatsu; and 5 P-47's hit Yanagawa.


7/16/45

Twentieth AF

HQ is officially moved to Harmon Field, Guam. XX BC is inactivated, effective 18 Jul, and HQ and HQ Sq, XXI BC is redesignated HQ Sq, Twentieth AF. Thus the BCs are brought to an end as actual establishments. Their was pass to direct control of HQ, Twentieth AF of which Gen LeMay takes cmd on this date. During 16/17 Jul, 466 B-29's drop incendiary bombs on Numazu, Oita, Kuwana, and Hiratsuka.


7/16/45

VII FC

Ftrs based on Iwo Jima fly over 100 effective sorties against tgts (mainly A/Fs) at Kameyama, Kiyosu, Komaki, Okazaki, Suzuko, and Akenogahara. 22 air victories are claimed.


7/16/45

Eleventh AF

2 B-24's fly a negative shipping search mission to Shimushiru I. 4 B-25's on enemy shipping sweep deck-level bomb and strafe enemy freighter. 3 of the bmrs then bomb and strafe Torishima Is (secondary) .


7/17/45

Fourteenth AF

A single B-25 attacks 3 truck convoys in SiangChiang Valley and bombs area along river at Hengyang. 70-plus P-51's and P-47's continue to disrupt enemy movement in Indochina and S and E China, attacking bridges, railroad yards, rail, road, and river traffic, A/Fs, gun positions, and many other tgts at various locations, especially around Suichwan, Linfen, and Sinsiang.


7/17/45

FEAF

Nearly 150 B-24's, B-25's, and A-26's pound Chiang Wan A/F. P-47's attack shipping and warehouses in Taishan I area while others hit Tinghai A/F. P-51's over Kyushu and N Ryukyu Is attack shipping, severely damaging a 10,000-ton cargo vessel in harbor on Amami-O-Shima. P-47's dive-bomb railroad tunnels NW and SW of Kagoshima. B-24's bomb I,imboeng barracks and strafe schooner off SW Celebes. B-25's attack Jesselton A/F and Itu Aba I.


7/17/45

Twentieth AF

During 17/18 Jul, 27 B-29's mine Shimonoseki Strait and waters in Nanao-Fushiki area, at Henashi Cape, Iwase and at Seishin. Also, units of British Pacific Fleet join US Third Fleet units in bombardment of Japan.


7/17/45

Eleventh AF

Unsuccessful shipping sweeps are flown by 2 B-24's over Shimushiru and by 4 B-25's between Kurabu and Paramushiru.


7/18/45

Fourteenth AF

4 B-25's blast Dong Anh railroad yards. 36 P-51's and P-38's hit river traffic, rail tgts, coastal shipping, enemy positions, trucks, and other tgts around Viet Tri and other areas of Indochina and near Yoyang, Suichwan, Lingling, Chikhom, Kukong, and Dosing.


7/18/45

FEAF

About 150 B-24's, B-25's, and A-26's, covered by 64 P-47's, hit Shanghai area, A/Fs at Chiang Wan, Wusung, and Lunghua, Shanghai docks, shipping on Whangpoo R, and airstrips on Chusan I. Other P-47's attack various T/Os on Kyushu and P-51's attack comm lines, bridges, shipping, towns, and other tgts throughout Kyushu and the Ryukyus. P-38's hit comm and transportation tgts throughout N part of Formosa while B-24's pound A/F at Matsuvama. B-24's bomb Boetoeng and Watampone, B-25's hit Jesselton, and P-38's attack Langkon. P-38's hit Japanese concentration along Kibawe trail.


7/18/45

USASTAF

USASTAF is established at Guam under Gen Spaatz.


7/18/45

Eleventh AF

2 routine search and Nveather sorties are flown.


7/19/45

Fourteenth AF

20 B-25's, 16 P-51's, and 4 P-47's blast railroad yards at Shihkiachwang. 7 other B-25's and 2 P-51's hit bridges S of Yoyang and bomb truck convoys in SiangChiang Valley, particularly around Siangtan area. 37 FBs disrupt enemy movement over wide areas of Indochina and S and E China, attacking numerous T/Os.


7/19/45

FEAF

P-38's hit suicide hoat hideout at Sandakan while B-25's bomb Jesselton A/F. P-38's spt ground forces, hitting positions along Kibawe trail. B-25's hit Itu Aba. 90plus P-51's pound numerous tgts on sweeps over Nagoya area and hit A/Fs, factories, power facilities, and gun positions at locations including Kagamigahara, Nishinomiya, and Osaka.


7/19/45

Twentieth AF

On 19/20 Jul, 27 B-29's lay mines in Oyama, Niigata, Miyazu, Maizuru, Tsuruga, Nezugaseki, Obama I, and Kobe-Osaka areas and at Wonsan. 470 VHBs (also operating during the night) drop incendiaries on Fukui, Hitachi, Chosi, and Okazaki while 83 others bomb oil facilities at Amagasaki.


7/19/45

VII FC

Iwo Jima-based ftrs strike A/Fs, factories, railroads, power lines and other tac tgts at Kagamigahara, Nagoya, Meiji, Izumi, Nishinorniya, and Tambaichi.


7/20/45

Fourteenth AF

10 B-25's and 6 P-51's hit truck convoys around Hengyang and Wuchang, storage on island near Changsha, locomotive shops at Phu Thuong, and power plant and railroad tgts in Vinh area. 50-plus P-51's, P-38's, and P-61's disrupt enemy movement and general withdrawal in lndochina and S and E China, attacking river, road, and rail traffic, coastal shipping, supplies, and other tgts.


7/20/45

FEAF

P-38's attack town of Langkon while B-24's pound Togian I. P-38's hit T/Os in SW Celebes. B-25's hit Itu Aba and W of Palawan for second consecutive day. A-20's and FBs spt ground action in Kiangan area and in lower Cagayan Valley. B-25's and FBs hit Japanese positions in Marikina and Infanta areas. B-24's bomb area S of Fabrica.


7/20/45

Twentieth AF

The 509th Comp Gp begins series of 12 precision attacks over Japan for purpose of familiarizing crews with tgt area and tactics contemplated for scheduled atomic bomb missions. The strikes (on 20, 24, 26, and 29 Jul) are mostly against (or near) cities previously bombed, in the general area of cities chosen for possible atomic attack, and involve from 2 to 6 aircraft in order to accustom the Japanese to sight of small formations of B-29's flying at high altitudes.


7/20/45

VII FC

Ftrs based on Iwo Jima fly nearly 100 effective sorties against tgts, mainly A/Fs, at Kamezaki, Meiji, Okazaki, Nagoya, Kagamigahara, Hamamatsu, and Komaki.


7/20/45

Eleventh AF

8 B-24's fly the heaviest and most successful mission of the month, bombing hangars and revetments at Matsuwa A/F.


7/21/45

Fourteenth AF

11 B-25's and 2 P-51's attack truck convoys in Siang-Chiang Valley, bomb HQ near Wuchang and hit bridge, trains, warehouses, and AA positions in Sienning area. 40-plus P-51's, P-38's, and P-61's again attack numerous tgts and disrupt enemy movement in Indochina and S and E China, hitting comm tgts, supplies, transport, and other T Os.


7/21/45

FEAF

B-25's and A-26's bomb shipping at Naze-Ko. P-38's hit Kiangan area. Bad weather restricts activity in NEI, Phil Is, Japan, and other tgt areas mainly to light raids and snooper missions.


7/22/45

Fourteenth AF

16 B-25's and 8 FBs blast truck convoys moving supplies through Siang-Chiang Valley, bomb railroad yards at Siaokan, and knock out 2 bridges S of Sincheng and Lohochai. 50-plus P-51's, P-47's, and P-38's continue campaign to disrupt enemy movement and withdrawal in Indochina and S and E China, pounding numerous rail, road, and river tgts, supply dumps, and coastal shipping.


7/22/45

FEAF

22 B-24's from Okinawa hit Chiang Wan and 1 hits Tinghai A/F. 37 B-25's bomb oil plant at Shanghai and destroyer in Whangpoo R. P-47's from Ie Shima join the MB attack on Shanghai area, hitting destroyer, gunboat, and freighter in the Whangpoo R, and factories and railroad shops. 34 P-51's from Okinawa also hit Whangpoo shipping. 37 A-26's hit A/F at Tachang. B-24's on night shipping search and weather mission bomb A/Fs at. Tinghai on Chusan I, Pusan, and Yonago. B-25's, P-51's, and P-38's, hampered by bad weather, fly 30-plus ground spt sorties in Gubano, Cervantes, and Mankayan areas.


7/22/45

Twentieth AF

During 22/23 July, 23 B-29's, staging through Iwo Jima, mine Shimonoseki Strait and Korea coast at Najin which is the longest B-29 combat mission of the war and in Pusan-Masan area. 72 others bomb coal liquefaction company at Ube. (See 10 Aug 44 and 14 Aug 45 for longest single-stage missions).


7/22/45

VII FC

100-plus Iwo Jima-based ftrs hit A/Fs, rail installations, and other tac tgts at Itami, Hanshin, Sano, Tokushima, Takamatsu, and Minato.


7/23/45

Fourteenth AF

8 B-25's and 4 P-61's bomb railroad yards at Sinyang and hit warehouse at Ichang. 100-plus P-51's, P-38's, and P-40's attack numerous tgts, including rail, road, and river traffic, A/Fs, coastal shipping, bridges, storage facilities, and railroad yards, at many locations over S and E China, especially in the Paoching area and, to a smaller degree, over Indochina.


7/23/45

FEAF

B-25's pound Jesselton while B-24's over other areas of NEI bomb Amboina and Tolonoeoe Is. Ftr aircraft spt ground forces in Kiangan area. B-25's bomb Itu Aba I. B-24's hit Miho and Saeki. Single HBs on armed rcn hit several tgts including Tinghai A/F, Kure harbor, and Tanega I.


7/23/45

Eleventh AF

2 B-24's radar-bomb Kurabu Cape A/F.


7/24/45

Fourteenth AF

8 B-25's and 6 P-51's pound truck convoys in Hengyang area, hit river shipping near Pakonghow, and damage bridge and storage area and knock out AA positions at Puchi. 80-plus P-51's, P-38's, and P-47's over Indochina and S and E China continue to disrupt Japanese withdrawal, pounding dozens of T/Os at numerous locations. 15 P-51's blast Changsha area, destroying an estimated 28 warehouses and 8 fuel storage buildings.


7/24/45

FEAF

100-plus Fifth AF B-24's Hy their first strike from Okinawa, bombing Chiang Wan A/F N of Shanghai. Seventh AF B-25's from Okinawa hit Wusung and Lunghua A/Fs in the Shanghai area while A-26's and B-25's attack Tachang and Tinghai A/Fs. FBs hit shipping and T/Os throughout the general area attacked by the bmrs. Thirteenth AF B-25's pound Jesselton A/F. B-24's hit Oelin and Tabanio A/Fs. Other B-25's hit Itu Aba I. Fifth AF FE3s spt ground forces in the Infanta and Leyban areas.


7/24/45

Twentieth AF

570 plus B-29's bomb aircraft plants at Handa, Nagoya, and Takarazuka, arsenal and metals industry at Osaka, and urban areas of Tsu and Kawana, plus several T/Os.


7/24/45

VII FC

91 P-51's, operating out of Iwo Jima, hit A/Fs and other tac tgts at Hamamatsu, Suruga Bay, and other points in Nagoya area.


7/25/45

Fourteenth AF

10 B-25's and 3 P-38's knock out bridges at Tho Linh and Quang Tri and damage a barge and a river steamer in Wuchou area. 30 P-51's and P-38's attack river, road, and rail traffic, railroad yards, and other tgts in the areas of Duc Tho, Bac Ninh, Vinh, Hanoi, Kukong, Samshui, Wuchou, and West R.


7/25/45

FEAF

B-24's bomb Pontianak and Kuching A/Fs while MBs and ftrs attack dispersal area in Jesselton A/F area. B-24's pound enemy troops on Negros I. B-25's bomb Itu Aba 1. B-24's bomb Kikai I and town of Tsuiki.


7/25/45

Twentieth AF

During 25, 26 Jul, 75 B-29's bomb oil refinery and petroleum center at Kawasaki while 29 others mine waters at Nanao, Fushiki, Obama I, Tsuruga, Seishin, and Pusan.


7/26/45

International

Potsdam ultimatum is issued. Japan is told to surrender unconditionally or face 'utter destruction.'


7/26/45

Fourteenth AF

8 B-25's and 4 P-51's bomb railroad yards at Lohochai and hit storage area and animal transport in Pinking area. 100-plus P-51's, P-38's, and P-61's pound enemy movement and withdrawal in Indochina and S and E China, hitting supplies, troops, river, road, and rail traffic, coastal shipping, railroad yards, bridges, town areas and other tgts at numerous locations.


7/26/45

FEAF

B-24's hit Tabanio, Trombol, Sengkawang, and Oelin A/ Fs. FBs and B-25's over Luzon (where Thirteenth AF now provides ground spt) aid ground forces in Mankayan area and near Tuguegarao. B-24's plaster Japanese positions on ground spt strikes over Negros. B-25's bomb Itu Aba I. Other B-25's on shipping search attack convoy at Tsutsu Bay sinking 3 small cargo vessels, a freighter, and a few small craft. B-4's on snooper strikes attack several tgts, including various tgts in the Ryukyus, A/Fs at Tinghai and at Nakazu, and docks at Pusan.


7/26/45

Twentieth AF

During 26, 27 Jul, 350 B-29's drop incendiary bombs on Matsuyama, Tokuyama, and Omuta.


7/26/45

Eleventh AF

7 B-24's successf ully hit Kataoka naval base with incendiaries, leaving smoke columns 5,000 ft high in their wake. No airborne opposition. AA fire is moderate and inaccurate. Another B-24 flies a radar-ferret mission over the N Kurils.


7/27/45

Fourteenth AF

13 B-25's, some with P-51 spt, hit supply movement in Siang-Chiang Valley, bomb railroad yards at Siaokan and Sinyang, and hit coastal shipping in Do Son area. 50-plus P-51's and P-38's concentrate on attacking river shipping at numerous points of Indochina and S and E China also hitting road and rail traffic, coastal vessels, storage areas, and bridges.


7/27/45

FEAF

60-plus Fifth and Seventh AF B-24's pound M/Y at Kagoshima. 50 escorting P-51's attack numerous nearby T/Os. 150-plus P-47's over Kyushu hit comm and industrial tgts, including tunnel S of Kurino, bridges at Okasa, Hitosuse-gawa, and Matsubase, and factories and power plant at Yatsushiro. B-24's of Thirteenth AF hit airstrip N of Pontianak.


7/27/45

Twentieth AF

During 27/28 Jul, 24 B-29's drop mines in Shimonoseki Strait, at Fukuoka, Niigata, Maizuru, Senzaki, and in Fukawa Bay.


7/28/45

Fourteenth AF

7 B-25's and 4 P-51's attack supply movement through Siang-Chiang Valley, hit a freighter and 2 smaller vessels off Shuitang, and pound troops near Kian. About 90 P-51's, P-47's, and P-61's disrupt Japanese movement throughout S and E China and in Indochina. The FBs concentrate on river transport.


7/28/45

FEAF

137 Ie Shima-based P-47's rocket and strafe A/Fs, oil stores, railroad yards, warehouses, industry, gun positions, and other tgts on Kyushu at or near Kanoya, Metgtsubara, Tachiarai, Kurume, Saga, and Junicho. 21 more P-47's attack shipping at Yatsushiro. A-26's and B-25's pound A/Fs at Kanoya. P-51's and B-25's, sweepig over Inland Sea, destroy 2 small cargo vessels and a patrol boat. 70-plus B-24's bomb shipping at Kure, claiming direct hits on a battleship and aircraft carrier. B-25's and P-38's in spt of ground forces hit enemy positions in Mankayan-Kiangan area and in Marikina area. Other P-38's hit troop concentrations on Jolo I. B-24's spt ground forces on Negros I.


7/28/45

Twentieth AF

During 28/29 Jul, 471 B-29's drop incendiary bombs on Tsu, Aomori, Ichinomiya, Ujiyamada, Ogaki, and Uwajima, while 76 others bomb oil refinery at Shimotsu.


7/28/45

VII FC

140-plus P-51's, based on INVO Jima, hit 9 objectives (A/Fs and military tgts) in wide area around Tokyo and attack a destroyer escort along Chiba Peninsula, leaving it burning.


7/29/45

Fourteenth AF

4 B-25's and 2 P-51's hit shipping off Luichow Peninsula near Cape Kami, barracks at Chingmen, and cannon-strafe trucks at Kuanshuishih and oil storage at Yingtak. About 100 P-51's, P-38's, and P-61's attack a variety of tgts over a vast area from Haiphong to Peking, continuing the steady campaign against enemy movement and withdrawal.


7/29/45

FEAF

P-47's from Ie Shima and B-24's, B-25's, and A-26's from Okinawa pound tgts in the Japanese Home Islands. 70-plus B-24's pound shipping at Kure. 41 B-24's hit factory and storage area NW of Aburatsu, shipping and engine works in Nagasaki and vicinity, and towns of Nobeoka and Oita. B-25's hit Kagoshima, Kibana, bridge, barracks and other buildings at Miyazaki, warehouses, lighthouse, and navigation light at Tozaki-hana, and bomb Tokuno I. A-26's pound naval base and engine works at Nagasaki. Numerous P-47's hit harbor at Kure, shipping and seaplane station at Ibusuki, railroad station, docks, and town area of Makurazaki, Chiran and Izumi A/Fs, and shipping at Kagoshima Bay. P-51's hit numerous T/Os on S coast of Korea and on S part of Kyushu, where shipping, railroads, and Omura and Sashiki factories are also attacked. B-24's hit Sidate A/F and warehouses at Watampone. Other B-24's over Negros bomb resistance pocket S of Fabrica. B-25's and P-38's hit Japanese positions near San Mariano and W of Kiangan, troop concentrations in Marikina watershed, and ridge emplacements in Bantayan area. Several buildings are destroyed at Pasco Point.


7/29/45

Twentieth AF

During 29/30 Jul, 24 B-29's mine Shimonoseki Strait and waters at Fukuoka, Karatsu, and Najin.


7/30/45

Japan

Japanese reject Potsdam ultimatum. Nevertheless Gen Marshall directs Gens MacArthur and Wedemeyer and Adm Nimitz to proceed with plans for a surrender.


7/30/45

Fourteenth AF

2 B-25's bomb supply convoys moving through Siang-Chiang Valley. 40-plus P-51's, P-38's, and P-61's hit various tgts in S and E China, and in Indochina, chiefly river transport, but also troop concentrations, railroad traffic, and many T/Os. Tgt areas include Nanyang, Suchow, Hankou, Sinyang, Anking, Anyang, Lohochai, Kukong, Takhing, Koyiu, Samshui, Pingsiang, Kian, Yungcheng, Yingtak, and Wuchou.


7/30/45

FEAF

60-plus B-25's and A-26's bomb Omura A/F. 4 of the planes hit A/F at Izumi. P-47's spt the strike and also hit numerous nearby T/Os. B-25's, failing to find tgts on shipping sweep over Korean waters, bomb shipping, a railroad, and a warehouse in Sendai area. Covering P-51's also hit nearby T/Os. 80-plus P-47's bomb Sendai, leaving much of the town in flames. P-51's on photo rcn of S Kyushu destroy trains and small craft. Nearly 80 P-47's attack Miyazaki, Karasehara, and Tomitaka areas, firing warehouses and damaging barracks, hangars, towers, and other buildings, and blast buildings and construction on and near Shibushi A/F. B-24's bomb Kota Waringin A/F. B-25's and P-38's spt ground forces E of Ilagan, near Kiangan, and E of Manila in Infanta sector.


7/30/45

VII FC

INVO Jima-based ftrs attack A/Fs, railroads, and other tac tgts throughout the Kobe-Osaka area.


7/30/45

Eleventh AF

8 B-24's on way to the Kurils are soon recalled because of weather disturbances.


7/31/45

Twelfth AF

Organizational charts show great decrease in Jul in size of Twelfth AF due to redeployment, transfer, disbandment, and discontinuance of 50 units. Only 5 new units are added to the Twelfth. This leaves 77 assigned and 3 attached units compared to 122 assigned and 2 attached the previous month. The Twelfth practically ceases to be a flying AF as only 2 MB gps, a night ftr sq, and a rcn gp remain as flying units. The planes from these units are shortly transferred to AAFSC, MTO.


7/31/45

Fourteenth AF

3 B-25's continue to bomb supply convoys moving through Siang-Chiang Valley. 52 P-51's and P-61's over S and E China attack rivercraft, trucks, railroad traffic, coastal shipping, ammo dumps, and other tgts at several locations including areas around Yanglowtung, Changsha, Siangyin, Hengyang, Hankow, Paoching, Nanyang, Nanking, Kulo, Hoihow, and Yoyang.


7/31/45

FEAF

80-plus B-24's pound Kagoshima railroad yards and several other tgts in the general area including Sasebo naval base, Yaki-shima, and Nagasaki. A-26's and B-25's bomb Kanoya and Miyazaki A/Fs and nearby tgts, Sasebo naval base, Marushima, warehouses at Nagasaki, and a factory and power plant on Koyagi I. P-51's attack flak positions at Moji, blast shipping at Iki I and off NW and W coast of Kyushu, hit island WSW of Sasebo, bomb railroad tgts and warehouses in Izumi area, and in general attack railroad and road net and other comm tgts throughout Kyushu. P-61's continue harassing missions during the night. P-51's over the Ryukyus bomb airstrips in Miyako I, and bomb town in Koniya area. B-25's and P-38's spt ground action on Luzon, hitting forces in Cagayan Valley and in Cervantes and Infanta sectors. B-24's pound area S of Fabrica.


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