09/01/43

Twelfth AF

All administrative functions of the AAF elements of NAAF are transferred to the appropriate Twelfth AF organizations: HQ NAAF to HQ Twelfth AF, NASAF to XII BC, NATAF to XII A Spt Cmd, NACAF to XII FC, NAASC to XII AFSC, NAAF TCC to XII TCC (Prov), NW African Photo Rcn Wg to Photo Rcn Wg (Prov), and NATC to XII Trg Cmd (Prov). Operational control remains with NAAF. P-40's bomb zinc plant at Iglesias and strafe factory N of Gonnesa. MBs and LBs hit Bova Marina, areas near Salina and Sant' Eufemia d'Aspromonte town area and bridge at Oliveto, and radar station and lighthouse at Capo Spartivento.


09/01/43

Fourteenth AF

7 B-25's, supported by 8 P-40's, attack Japanese destroyer at Shihhweiyao; no hits are scored on the ship but considerable damage is done to surrounding dock area. 6 P-40's sink small tanker down river from Ichang, damage 2 large boats between Ocheng and Shihhweiyao, and strafe cav troops at Ocheng. 3 other P-40's heavily damage small ship at Swatow harbor and strafe nearby A/F. 3 P-38's and a P-40 dive-bomb and strafe barracks at Yangsin, demolishing 3 buildings. 2 nearby locomotives are also destroyed. The FBs then heavily damage small steamer at Wuchang, sink 1 tug and damage another at Kutang, and blast a train and AA position S of Puchi.


09/01/43

Fifth AF

More than 70 B-24's and B-25's hit Alexishafen-Madang area, dropping 201 tons of bombs (heaviest by Fifth AF to date). Other B-25's hit Iboki Plantation, barges on Bubui R, Rein Bay area and several villages in New Britain. B-17's bomb Labu I. B-26's attack Cape Gloucester area. B-24's and B-25's strike tgts in Lesser Sunda Is.


09/01/43

Seventh AF

From this date through 14 Sep, 6 B-24's conduct daily sea-search operations out of Canton I.


09/01/43

Eleventh AF

2 P-40's attempting to intercept aircraft reported near Attu abort because of weather.


09/02/43

Eighth AF

5 forces totaling 319 B-17's are dispatched to attack GAF A/Fs in France. Because of unfavorable cloud conditions only part of one force is able to attack a tgt. 16 B-17's hit Denain/Prouvy A/F and 18 bomb Mardyck A/F. Over 100 MBs attack Foret D'Hesdin and power station at Mazingarbe.


09/02/43

Twelfth AF

Almost 200 B-17's and B-25's of XII BC bomb M/Ys at Bologna, Trento, Bolzano, and Cancello Arnone. Bmrs and ftrs escorting the B-25's claim 28 enemy airplanes shot down. Tac aircraft (including RAF and Ninth AF airplanes) hit gun positions and other tgts on Italian toe, bomb rail comm at Bova Marina, Locri, Marina di Monasterace, Siderno Marina, Lamezia, and Catanzaro, and attack barges in Golfo di Sant' Eufemia and ammo dump at SaPri.


09/02/43

Fourteenth AF

10 B-25's and 5 P-40's bomb Kowloon area and attack shipping off Stonecutter's I and in Lai Chi Kok area.


09/02/43

Fifth AF

B-25's, with P-38 escort, attack shipping at Wewak harbor, claiming 1 vessel sunk and 2 left aflame. 10 enemy interceptors are claimed destroyed. Barrage balloons offer some protection to the enemy ships. This is first AAF observation of Japanese use of such balloons in SWPA.


09/02/43

Thirteenth AF

24 B-25's and 60 plus Navy aircraft pound Vila, hitting AA and arty positions and area E of Ringa Cove. 18 B-24's, 20-plus P-40's and P-39's, and more than 60 Navy planes attack Kahili. Shore installations, the A/F, and bridges N of the strip are hit.


09/03/43

Eighth AF

140 HBs severely damage German A/F at Romilly-sur-Seine. Lesser air strikes take place at Meulan-Les Mureaux and at industrial areas around Paris. Almost 100 MBs hit A/F of Lille/Nord, Beauvais/Tille, and Beaumont-le-Roger.


09/03/43

Twelfth AF

P-40's on sweep over Sardinia hit Pula and Capo Carbonara radar installations. A-20's, A-36's ftrs (and RAF LBs) hit gun positions throughout toe of Italy, attack A/Fs at Crotone and Camigliatello, and hit railway yards at Marina di Catanzaro and Punta di Staletti, troop concentration near Santo Stefano d'Aspromonte and road junctions and bridges at Cosenza. British Eighth Army lands on toe of Italy between Reggio di Calabria and Villa San Giovanni (Operation BAYTOWN). Italian government signs surrender terms.


09/03/43

Ninth AF

B-24's bomb M/Y at Sulmona. Fierce attacks by enemy ftrs account for 6 losses. HBs claim 11 enemy ftrs destroyed.


09/03/43

Fourteenth AF

11 P-40's and 2 P-38's blast barracks area at Pho Lu.


09/03/43

Fifth AF

HBs and MBs blast gun emplacements and terrace defenses in Lae area. Other HBs hit Cape Gloucester area. Light raids are flown against tgts on Ceram and Timor.


09/03/43

Thirteenth AF

20-plus B-24's, 14 P-40's, and 30-plus Navy airplanes attack Kahili A/F. Vila A/F is bombed by 5 B-24's and 10 Navy aircraft. P-40's strafe Webster Cove wharf.


09/04/43

Eighth AF

Over 100 MBs launch four-pronged attack on M/Ys at Hazebrouck, Lille, Saint-Pol/Siracourt, and Courtrai.


09/04/43

Twelfth AF

Bad weather prevents XII BC B-17's from locating their tgts (A/Fs in Italy). P-38's sent to hit landing grounds at Grazzanise also fail to find tgts, but attack T/Os in the general area. US FBs and RAF LBs hit motor transport scattered along Italian toe, and bomb gun positions NE of Reggio di Calabria and roads and railroad junction in Cosenza-Catanzaro-Nicastro area and at Colosimi.


09/04/43

Fourteenth AF

10 B-25's and 11 P-40's pound Tien Ho A/F at Canton. 3 of 15 intercepting Zeros are shot down."


09/04/43

Fifth AF

Allied offensive against Lae begins as forces land at Hopoi and mouth of Buso R. B-24's spt landings by pounding Lae A/F, B-25's hit Hopoi area and bomb A/F at Cape Gloucester, and A-20's and RAAF planes hit Gasmata A/F. Supporting P-38's intercept more than 100 enemy ftrs and bmrs, which are airborne despite the attacks on A/Fs, and claim 20 shot down.


09/04/43

Thirteenth AF

23 B-25's hit Dulo Cove area. 9 B-24's, 15 AAF ftrs, and 20-plus Navy ftrs hit Ballale I A/F.


09/05/43

Eighth AF

Over 60 MBs raid 2 M/Ys at Ghent. Bad weather causes recall of a mission intended to bomb Courtrai M/Y.


09/05/43

Twelfth AF

Over 130 XII BC B-17's bomb Viterbo A/F and town of Civitavecchia. Over 200 B-25's and B-26's hit landing grounds at Grazzanise. Other MBs and ftrs hit Pula radar station and town of Pabillonis. Weather hampers operations of the ftrs, MBs, and LBs of NATAF (Twelfth AF and RAF aircraft) and only a few tgts (guns, roads, railroads,


and troops) are attacked during missions over toe of Italy.


09/05/43

Ninth AF

Gen Strahm, CoS, assumes temporary cmd during absence of Gen Brereton. Col John C Kilborn assumes cmd of IX BC upon departure of Gen Ent from the theater.


09/05/43

Fourteenth AF

15 FBs pound M/Y SE of Lao Kay; 16 others hit barracks in the city.


09/06/43

Fifth AF

82 C-47's drop paratroops at Nadzab A /F (first such landings in SWPA ) following bombardment of drop zone by 52 MBs and pounding of Lae A/F by 24 HBs. Smoke screen is laid over landing area by A-20's. Nadzab A/F is quickly put into operational condition and will subsequently become a major Allied airbase.


09/06/43

Eighth AF

Eighth sets new record in number of HBs dispatched. 69 of the 407 dispatched are to fly diversionary sweep over N Sea and the rest are to bomb aircraft and bearing factories in and around Stuttgart. Bad weather frustrates original tgt plans but 262 HBs bomb T/Os in Germany and France. Strong ftr opposition is encountered and 45 HBs are lost. Over 120 MBs strike M/Ys at Rouen, Serqueux, and Amiens. 2 gps of MBs sent to bomb at Ghent are recalled when bad weather prevents ftr escort from taking off.


09/06/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC B-17's hit Capodichino A/F, Villa Literno M/Y, Gaeta harbor, and Minturno railroad facilities. Weather prevents B-17 attack on Pomigliano A/F. B-25's and B-26's hit Capua A/F and landing grounds at Grazzanise. P-40's hit landing ground at Pabillonis. US and RAF planes of NATAF operate on reduced scale, flying patrols and hitting railroads and T/Os on Italian toe."


09/06/43

Fourteenth AF

6 FBs attack wharves, vessels, and destroy small factory building in Yoyang-Shihhweiyao area. 5 others hit trucks, trains, gun emplacements, and railway facilities in areas around Sintsiang and Puchi.


09/06/43

Fifth AF

HBs pound Lae A/F and surrounding area, and MBs bomb and strafe enemy defenses in Malahang and vicinity, as Allied ground forces push toward Lae. US ftrs claim 8 enemy aircraft downed over Lae. B-25's fly sweep against barges along coast of New Britain and bomb tgts on Timor.


09/06/43

Thirteenth AF

B-25's and P-39's hit enemy positions at Kakasa. B-24's blast gun positions at Vila. P-39's join Navy aircraft in strike on suspected radar site at Morgusaia I. 5 Zeros are claimed shot down. 2 P-39's are lost.


09/07/43

Eighth AF

Over 100 HBs strike industrial area and A/F at Brussels while smaller number of HBs bomb tgts (including NOBALL site) at Watten, and shipping off Texel I. M/Y at Saint-Pol/Siracourt is hit by over 80 MBs. Ftr escort is excellent. No aircraft are lost.


09/07/43

Ninth AF

HQ AAF decides to transfer Gen Brereton, CG, and his HQ staff from Africa to UK to reform Ninth AF in ETO by absorbing VIII A Spt Cmd.


09/07/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC B-17's bomb 2 satellite A/Fs at Foggia. B-25's and B-26's hit road and rail bridges at Sapri and Trebisacce and roads at Lauria. P-40's hit landing ground at Pabillonis and barges off Portoscuso. US A-20's of NATBF spt British landing on 7/8 Sep near Pizzo in an unsuccessful attempt to cut off enemy retreat up W coast of Italian toe. MBs and LBs, in afternoon raids, bomb Crotone A/F and roadblock and gun batteries N of Catanzaro.


09/07/43

Tenth AF

B-25's attack Gokteik Viaduct, causing minor damage.


09/07/43

Fifth AF

B-24's and B-26's bomb Lae area. B-25's bomb and strafe nearby tgts on road to Markham. P-38's successfully turn back enemy bombing attack on Morobe. C-47's begin flying Australian 7th Div to Nadzab. A-20's hit Gasmata area.


09/07/43

Thirteenth AF

2 B-25's bomb barge depot and supply area E of Ringa Cove.


09/08/43

Eighth AF

44th and 93d Bomb Gps resume operations in UK after DS in Africa; 389th, previously diverted to Africa, becomes operational in UK. Over 200 MBs attack coastal defenses in Boulogne-sur-Mer area and Lille/Nord and Lille/Vendeville A/Fs.


09/08/43

Ninth AF

B-24's bomb landing ground at Foggia, as convoys approach Salerno to begin US invasion of Italy (Operation AVALANCHE).


09/08/43

Twelfth AF

About 130 XII BC B-17's bomb Frascati. More than 160 MBs hit highway at Lauria and bridges at Trebisacce and Sapri. Ftrs hit Pabillonis, cover Allied forces near Pizzo, and bomb and strafe roads and vehicles in Lamezia-Vibo Valentia-Pizzo-Catanzaro areas. Bmrs hit roads and junctions in Naples area during 8/9 Sep.


09/08/43

Tenth AF

6 B-24's mine Rangoon R during 7/8 Sep. B-25's hit Gokteik Viaduct for second consecutive day, scoring 5 hits at the base of the structure, which remains usable.


09/08/43

Fifth AF

B-17's, B-24's, B-25's and B-26's pound Lae area, and A-20's hit Salamaua. Japanese at Salamaua are ordered to prepare to fall back to Lae in face of approaching Australian 5th Div. Elements of Australian 9th Div, moving W on Lae, reach flooded Busu R where Japanese hold W bank. Other HBs and MBs carry out light raids on tgts in W part of Netherlands New Guinea and in islands of NEI.


09/08/43

Thirteenth AF

12 B-25's hit Vila A/F area."


09/08/43

Seventh AF

B-24's operating from Canton I fire on flying boat, scoring hits but causing no visible damage.


09/09/43

Eighth AF

On D-day for Operation STARKEY (rehearsal for the invasion of France), Eighth AF dispatches a record number of 330 HBs, which attack Paris and Beaumontsur-Oise, Beauvais/Tille, Lille/Nord, Lille/Vendeville, Saint-Omer/Longuenesse, Saint-Omer/Ft Rouge, Abbeville/Drucat, and Vitry-en-Artois A/Fs, as well as industrial area around Paris. More than 200 MBs attack coastal installations around Boulogne-sur-Mer. STARKEY is a disappointment as Germans refuse to commit ftr defenses on large scale, thus preventing possible destruction of many of their aircraft, which Allied air forces hoped to accomplish.


09/09/43

Twelfth AF

Gen Williams assumes cmd of XII TCC (Prov). Over 100 XII BC B-17's bomb bridges at Capua and Cancello Arnone, and over 240 B-25's and B-26's hit railroad bridges at Potenza and landing ground at Scanzano. P-40's fly uneventful sweep over Sardinia. XII A Spt Cmd ftrs maintain patrols over Salerno, and other NATAF planes bomb and strafe motor transport, roads, and other tgts in Catanzaro-Auletta-Rogliano area and NNW of Salerno, as Gen Clark's Fifth Army invades Italy, landing near Salerno (Operation AVALANCHE) and British forces make airborne landing on heel of Italy, taking Taranto (Operation SLAPSTICK).


09/09/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit satellite A/F at Foggia."


09/09/43

Tenth AF

B-24's again mine Rangoon R, during 8/9 Sep.


09/09/43

Fourteenth AF

8 B-25's and 11 P-40's hit White Cloud A/F. 4 P-38's bomb Whampoa docks. 8 P-40's and P-38's hit Yangtze R shipping near Chiuchiang, Kichun, Wusueh, Ocheng, and Changanyi, and strafe T/Os in the general area.


09/09/43

Fifth AF

B-25's bomb and strafe coastal area from Alexishafen to Finschhafen and hit points on New Britain coast. HBs attack Garove I. Selaroe I is hit by light MB strike.


09/09/43

Thirteenth AF

12 B-25's and 50 plus naval dive bmrs pound Vila A/F and barges at Disappointment Cove. 18 B-24's, with ftr escort, bomb Kahili A/F. 2 nearby coastal guns are also hit.


09/09/43

Eleventh AF

At Umnak, the RCAF 14th Ftr Sq prepares to depart for Canada.


09/10/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC MBs hit railroad and road junctions and road net in


Castelnuovo-Pescopagano-Cassino-Capua-Formia areas. HBs attack Ariano intersection and highway bridge (and bridges and roads in the area), bridges near Botena and over the Tiber SW of Rome, and roads, buildings, and railroad facilities at Isernia. XII A Spt Cmd and RAF airplanes of NATAF blast heavy road movement N from Lauria and cover beachheads in Salerno area as British Eighth Army increases pressure on its front in effort to prevent Germans from concentrating against US Fifth Army's Salerno beachhead. German troops occupy Rome. During 10/11 Sep B-25's of 12th Bomb Gp hit comm centers at Corleto, Perticara, Auletta, and Sapri.


09/10/43

Ninth AF

B-24's bomb a satellite A/F at Foggia.


09/10/43

Tenth AF

B-25's again bomb Gokteik Viaduct. The approaches are battered but the viaduct remains usable.


09/10/43

Fourteenth AF

10 B-25's and 7 P-40's hit cotton warehouse N of Wuchang and docks at Hankow; 9 of 20 intercepting Zeros are claimed destroyed. 6 P-38's bomb docks at Whampoa.


09/10/43

Fifth AF

B-25's attack barges along New Britain coast. Australian 7th Div, having been flown to Nadzab in C-47's, begins push E toward Lae.


09/10/43

Eleventh AF

9 B-24's fly from Adak to Attu in preparation for Paramushiru mission on the next day.


09/10/43

ZI

First and Fourth AFs are relieved from their assignments to Eastern and Western Def Cmds and hereafter serve primarily as trg organizations.


09/11/43

Eighth AF

32 B-26's attack Beaumont-le-Roger A/F. 19 others bomb Le Trait shipyards when primary tgt, Rouen power station, is obscured by clouds.


09/11/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC B-17's bomb Benevento M/Y and bridge and highway junction nearby. B-25's and B-26's hit highways and junctions at Castelnuovo, Ariano, Mignano, and Isernia. P-40's fly uneventful sweep over S Sardinia. US and RAF airplanes of NATAF continue to provide beachhead cover in Salerno area, hit road comm throughout the day, and attack road and rail bridges, junctions, A/F, and town areas at Sapri, Corleto, Perticara, Auletta, and Gioia del Colle.


09/11/43

Fourteenth AF

10 B-25's and 11 P-40's attack Hankow docks and Wuchang cotton mills. 3 P-38's bomb ammo and fuel depots at Tayeh and strafe warehouses and barracks at Yangsin.


09/11/43

Fifth AF

B-24's bomb Makassar. Australian forces cross Francisco R to Salamaua A/F as Japanese forces begin to evacuate Salamaua and withdraw toward Lae.


09/11/43

Thirteenth AF

18 B-25's pound area W of Vila A/F and W of Disappointment Cove. The A/F is hit again in the evening by 3 B-24's. 25 B-24's, with ftr escort, bomb Kahili A/F. HBs and ftrs claim 7 aircraft shot down. P-40's and P-39's spt Navy dive bmrs in striking gun positions at Hamberi.


09/11/43

Eleventh AF

12 B-25's and 8 B-24's attack Paramushiru for the third and last time this year. 6 HBs bomb Kashiwabara staging area. Shipping is bombed and strafed in Kashiwabara harbor and Paramushiru Straits. 1 freighter and 1 large transport is sunk while 1 transport and 2 cargo ships are damaged. 2 other cargo vessels sustain possible hits. Tgts hit on land include 2 bldgs and a AA battery on Shimushu. Of 40 ftrs giving battle, 13 are shot down and 3 more are probables. 2 HBs force-land in USSR, one with mechanical defect, the other after being hit. 1 B-24 is downed by AA fire. Losses are 7 B-25's and 2 B-24's in this most disastrous day for the Eleventh. It will be another 5 months before it is able to strike at the Kurils again.


09/12/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC B-17's bomb Mignano road defiles, Benevento road bridge, and Frosinone A/F. MBs hit Ariano (and trucks and road nearby), Isernia, and Castelnuovo and Formia road junctions. US and RAF aircraft of NATAF attack motor transport movement, roads, and bridges in Potenza-Auletta areas, maintain cover over Fifth Army in Salerno invasion area (where the enemy launches a fierce effort to reduce the beachhead), and during 12/13 Sep fly intruder missions over 6 A/Fs between Rome and Pizzo, finding little activity. British Eighth Army forces on toe of Italy capture Crotone and push N, and on Taranto front occupy territory up to N of Castelaneta.


09/12/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit Kalathos and Maritsa A/Fs.


09/12/43

Fourteenth AF

8 P-38's bomb shipping in Hong Kong area, 4 hit Yangtze R traffic at Chiuchiang, and 4 P-40's strafe barracks and destroy locomotive W of Shihhweiyao.


09/12/43

Fifth AF

B-17's and B-24's pound Lae as Japanese begin withdrawal in face of Australian 9th and 7th Divs moving in from E and W. Australian 5th Div occupies Salamaua and surrounding area. First Allied airplane lands at Salamaua A/F. B-25's strafe between Saidor and Langemak Bay. B-25's hit barges near Cape Gloucester, and A-20's bomb radio station at Gasmata.


09/12/43

Eleventh AF

XI FC moves up to Adak.


09/13/43

Eighth AF

1st, 2d, and 3d Bomb Divs are activated in UK. They are formed from complements of VIII BC's 4 bomb wgs. Each bomb div is organized into combat bomb wgs. COs of the Bomb Divs are Gen Williams (1st), Gen Hodges (2d), and Col Curtis E LeMay (3d).


09/13/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's of XII BC bomb roads in Torre del Greco area highway at Sala Consilina, and road junction, railway and bridge at Atena Lucana. B-25's attack viaduct, rail and road junctions, and rail lines in Pompeii-Castellammare di Stabia Torre Annuziata areas. XII A Spt Cmd A-36's destroy 25 to 30 vehicles near Potenza, and ftrs maintain convoy patrol. US and RAF LBs and MBs of NATBF hit town areas, road j unctions, and vehicles in Auletta-Pompeii-Sala Consilina-San Severino Rota areas. Over 80 troop transports drop continFents of 82d Airborne Div S of Sele R to strengthen bridgehead in face of enemy counter-attacks which threaten US Fifth Army beachhead in Salerno area.


09/13/43

Ninth AF

RAF HBs, under IX RC, hit Potenza. Col Frederick M Byerly replaces Col Charles D McAllister as cmdr of IX FC.


09/13/43

Fifth AF

B-24's escorted by P-38's, bomb A/Fs and ammo dumps in Wewak area. B-25's hit Lae.


09/13/43

Eleventh AF

Gen Johnson succeeds Gen Butler as CG of the Eleventh.


09/14/43

Eighth AF

Over 100 MBs of 3 gps sent to attack Woensdrecht and Lille/Nord A/Fs are forced to abort mission because of bad weather.


09/14/43

Twelfth AF

Elements of British Eighth Army enter Bari. At Salerno, US Fifth Army, throwing reserves and serv troops into line, and receiving much naval and air spt, holds off enemy onslaughts against beachhead. XII BC B-17's, B-25's, and B-26's attack highways, road j unctions and defiles, bridges, town areas, railroads, M/Y, barracks, and numerous T/Os, including several gun positions, in or near Avellino, Pompeii, Torre Annunziata, Auletta, Baronissi, San Severino Rota, Battipaglia, and Eboli. US and RAF FBs, LBs, and MBs of NATAF fly well over 500 sorties, mainly against roads, bridges, and towns in battle areas, in or around Battipaglia, Eboli, Potenza, Torre Annunziata, Benevento, Auletta, and Avellino. Troop transports drop more contingents of 82d Airborne Div S of Sele R to strengthen beachhead, and also behind enemy lines near Avellino to disrupt enemy comm.


09/14/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit M/Y at Pescara. RAF HBs, under IX BC, hit Potenza.


09/14/43

Fourteenth AF

15 B-24's are dispatched against Haiphong. First flight aborts due to bad weather but second flight reaches tgt area and bombs docks and shipping. 4 P-38's severely damage 2 vessels at Chiuchiang.


09/14/43

Fifth AF

B-25's attack Lae and barges in Hansa Bay. B-24's bomb Kendari.


09/14/43

Thirteenth AF

Allied A/Fs and other facilities on Guadalcanal, at Barakoma, and at Munda are attacked by Japanese airplanes throughout the day. B-24's, with AAF and Navy ftr escorts, bomb Kahili A/F 3 times during the day. More than 30 of the HBs unload on dispersal and revetment areas and on runways, causing considerable damage. 8 Japanese interceptors are claimed shot down. 3 B-25's bomb Vila A/F. 2 B-24's and 6 B-34's attack Vila area. P-39's join Navy ftrs and dive bmrs in attack on Ballale I A/F.


09/14/43

Eleventh AF

The 36th Bomb Sq (H) departs for the ZI.


09/15/43

Eighth AF

Almost 140 HBs attack aircraft engine works, Renault motor works, and ball bearing plant at Parix. Comparable numbers of aircraft bomb A/Fs at Chartres and Romilly-sur-Seine. About 70 B-26's hit Merville A/F. Mission to Lille is abandoned due to bad weather. Small number of HBs fly night mission with RAF against Montlucon Dunlop tire factory.


09/15/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's of XII BC bomb highways and railroad at Torre del Greco while B-25's and B-26's hit highways and road junctions at or near Torre Annunziata, Battipaglia, Eboli, Serre, Auletta, and Polla. Xll A Spt Cmd and other NATAF elements attack buildings, railroads, highways and motor transport in spt of US f'ifth Army as German counter attacks astride Sele R subside. British Eighth Army forces reach Sapri, threatening the enemy with entrapment between US and British forces.


09/15/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit M/Y at Potenza and attack railroads and warehouses in areas around Potenza, Altamura, Gravina di Puglia, and Matera.


09/15/43

Fourteenth AF

5 B-24's attack Haiphong cement plant. More than 50 Japanese ftrs attack the HBs, shooting down 4 of them. The 1 returning B-24 claims 10 ftrs downed. 6 B-25's and 14 P-40's attack Wucnang cotton mill area.


09/15/43

Fifth AF

B-24's, with P-38 escort, bomb A, Fs in Wewak area, destroying 10 enemy aircraft on the ground. 14 more are claimed destroyed in air combat. B-17's bomb Lae area. B-25's sink about 15 barges between Alexishafen and Finschhafeu, blast ammo and supply dump near Bogadjim, and attack AA positions at Bostrem Bay.


09/15/43

Thirteenth AF

B-25's bomb Vila, Kahili, and Kara A/Fs. B-24's, with ftr escort, later pound Kahili runway area; others hit Parapatu Pt. During the night, B-25's hit Kahili A/F twice and HBs bomb A/Fs on Buka and Ballale. Ballale I A/F is also hit by Navy dive bmrs, supported by AAF, Navy and Marine ftrs. Bivouac area, revetments, supply dumps and gun positions are hit. Runway appears badly damaged by the strikes.


09/16/43

Eighth AF

More than 130 HBs attack port area and Chateau-Bougon A/F, more than 70 hit La Pallice harbor installations and Laleu A/F near La Rochelle, and 21 strike at Cognac/ Chateaubernard A/F. Nearly 70 MBs attack Beaumont-le-Roger and Triqueville A/Fs. 5 B-17's fly night mission with 340 RAF HBs against Modane M/Y. This mission is flown from UK at the request of Gen Eisenhower. 3 B-24 gps in UK (44th, 93d, and 389th) are sent on loan to N Africa for second time at Gen Eisenhower's request for spt of the crucial campaign in this theater.


09/16/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's of XII BC hit bridges, rail line, M/Y, trains, and railroad-highway intersection in Benevento area, and roads and railway facilities in Caserta area. MBs hit roads, railroads, junctions, and bridges at Isernia, Formia, Mignano, and Capua. XII A Spt Cmd FBs maintain continuous sweeps over Salerno beachhead and surrounding battle zone while other US and RAF elements of NATAF (ftrs, LBs, and MBs) blast enemy aircraft, motor transport, troop concentrations and comm tgts in Contursi and Eboli areas. US and British make patrol contact near Vallo della Lucania. US Fifth Army ties in with Taranto invasion force to form Allied line across S Italy.


09/16/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit road junctions and a supply dump at Potenza, following RAF raid of previous night.


09/16/43

USSR

Red Army takes Novorossisk.


09/16/43

Fourteenth AF

8 B-25's and 12 P-40's hit warehouses, barracks, ammo dumps, and HQ at Liujenpa.


09/16/43

Fifth AF

B-17's, B-26's, B-25's, and A-20's pound enemy positions at Lae, after which the A/F and town (evacuated by Japanese) are occupied by Australian forces. B-24's carry out light strike on Sorong.


09/16/43

Thirteenth AF

P-40's join Navy ftrs in covering Navy dive bmr strike on Ballale I A/F.


09/17/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC B-17's and B-26's bomb A/Fs at Ciampino and Pratica di Mare. B-25's attack small craft and barges off mouth of Tiber R. P-38's fly 27 dive-bombing missions against roads, junctions, railways, bridges, and T/Os in battle area and towns of Vallo della Lucania, Acerno, Nocera, Avellino, Gragnano, Serre, Lioni, Fisciano, Monteforte


Irpino, Cava de' Tirreni and Auletta. XII A Spt Cmd, NATBF, and other elements of NATAF fly sweeps over battle area, patrol beaches, escort naval vessels, and bomb rail and road junctions, motor transport, M/Y, town areas, and various T/Os in Pompeii, Torre Annunziata, Salerno, Campagna, Sarno, Solofra, Montella, and Acerno areas. US Fifth Army forces advancing on Altavilla are pinned down. However enemy retires to the N, completing withdrawal from battleline during night. British Eighth Army begins general adv N toward Potenza and Auletta.


09/17/43

Ninth AF

B-24's attack M/Y, road j unction, and rail junction at Pescara on E coast of Italy. RAF HBs again hit Potenza.


09/17/43

Fifth AF

B-25's carry out coastal sweep against barges and villages from Reiss Pt to Langemak Bay.


09/18/43

Eighth AF

36 MBs attack Beauvais/Tille A/F. Attacks of MBs on Rouen power station and Beaumont-le-Roger A/F are aborted because of failure to rendezvous with ftr escort and bad weather, respectively.


09/18/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's of XII BC hit Viterbo A/F and Salerno-Avellino road, while B-25's and B-26's bomb A/F at Ciampino and Pratica di Mare. B-25's fire 75mm shells at small vessels and lighthouse near Capraia and between Pianosa and Corsica. P-38's on DS with NATAF strafe 4 satellite A/Fs at Foggia and bomb roads, railroads, bridges, and towns in battle area. Seventh Army forces take Altavilla, Persano, and Battipaglia without opposition."


09/18/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit Pescara M/Y.


09/18/43

Fourteenth AF

4 B-25's and 7 P-40's attack rail yards and blast furnaces at Shihhweiyao.


09/18/43

Fifth AF

A-20's hit Tami Is in Lae area. B-26's and RAAF air planes bomb and strafe Finschhafen.


09/18/43

Thirteenth AF

B-24's bomb A/F and attack phosphate plant and radio station on Nauru.


09/18/43

Seventh AF

24 B-24's, flying out of Funafuti and Canton I, bomb Betio, Maiana, and Abemama Is in the Gilbert chain during 18/19 Sep. This action is part of a coordinated Army-Navy attack on Tarawa, aimed at preventing Japanese attacks on US installations at Baker I and in the Ellice Is.


09/19/43

Eighth AF

MBs hit Lille/Nord A/F. Other MB attacks on Lille and Merville are recalled due to bad weather.


09/19/43

Twelfth AF

FBs of XII A Spt Cmd and planes of other NATAF elements (US and RAF) concentrate on attacking roads and vehicles in Benevento-Montesarchio-Contursi-Potenza-Avellino areas, and hit railway station at Castelnuovo. Fifth Army gains firm control of Salerno plain, while British Eighth Army troops take Potenza and Auletta.


09/19/43

Tenth AF

HBs hit Monywa.


09/19/43

Fifth AF

B-25's and B-26's pound Finschhafen in preparation for Allied landings on 22 Sep. B-17's and B-24's bomb A/F and surrounding area at Cape Gloucester. B-24's and B-25's fly small strikes against Amboina, Selaroe, and Penfoei.


09/19/43

Thirteenth AF

B-25's and Navy dive bmrs, covered by ftrs, bomb Vila A/F and a causeway, enemy positions, and ammo dump at Disappointment Cove. Other B-25's bomb and strafe barge centers at Ringa and Webster Coves.


09/19/43

Seventh AF

20 B-24's, out of Funafuti and Canton I, bomb Tarawa and Abemama and obtain photo coverage of Betio. 1 B-24 is lost to interceptors.


09/19/43

Eleventh AF

The 21st Bomb Sq (H) departs for the ZI.


09/20/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC B-17's and B-26's bomb Castelnuovo road junction, town of Formia, Torre Annunziata area roads, and roads and railroad SW of Sarno. XII A Spt Cmd A-36's attack and disperse enemy tank and troop concentrations forming near Nocera for a counterattack. Other US and RAF aircraft of NATAF hit enemy movement Avellino-Naples-Potenza-Benevento-Calabritto-Pomigliano-Pescopagano areas. US Seventh Army starts into mts N of Salerno.


09/20/43

Ninth AF

98th and 376th Bomb Gps, along with 43d Serv Gp and several MP and engineer units, are to be transferred to Twelfth AF, effective on their arrival in Tunis. IX BC makes its last raid on Italy. B-24's of 98th and 376th Bomb Gps are dispatched against Castelfranco Veneto M/Y. Clouds obscure tgt, but 98th Gp drops bombs on estimated time of arrival. 376th bombs M/Y and A/F at Pescara during return trip.


09/20/43

Tenth AF

B-24's bomb Sagaing and Naba.


09/20/43

Fourteenth AF

27 Japanese bmrs and 20 ftrs attack A/F at Kunming. 24 P-40's and 3 P-38's intercept, claiming 17 airplanes shot down. 1 US ftr is lost. Damage to the A/F is negligible.


09/20/43

Fifth AF

B-25's and B-17's hit roads from Kaiapit to Madang, destroying 3 key bridges. P-39's strafe and dive-bomb Bogadjim-Yaula area. B-24's bomb Wewak and Boram A/Fs. B-25's hit Penfoei.


09/20/43

Thirteenth AF

1st Lt Henry Meigs II (6th Night Ftr Sq), flying a P-38 against Japanese night attackers over Bougainville, shoots down 2 aircraft within 60 seconds.


09/21/43

Eighth AF

Over 40 B-26's bomb Beauvais/Tille A/F. Bad weather causes more than 20 MBs to abort.


09/21/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC B-17's hit bridge and town area at Benevento. B-25's and B-26's hit landing craft and ferry near Elba and bridges at Cancello Arnone and Capua. B-24's on DS from Eighth AF bomb Leghorn and Bastia. MBs and FBs of NATBF and XII A Spt Cmd hit town areas, troop concentrations, trucks and tanks, and T/Os in Solofra-Avellino-Benevento areas.


09/21/43

Ninth AF

HQ IX FC at Tripoli closes.


09/21/43

Fifth AF

A-20's, B-26's, and RAAF aircraft hit Tami Is and pound Finschhafen in preparation for Allied amphibious assault on following day. B-25's bomb and strafe Bogadjim area. B-24's hit Cape Gloucester and a freighter near Talasea. A-20's, and RAF aircraft bomb Gasmata. B-25's attack Langgoer.


09/21/43

Fourteenth AF

8 B-25's and 8 P-40's attack railroad yards and warehouses at Chiuchiang, causing considerable destruction.


09/21/43

Thirteenth AF

20-plus B-24's bomb runway and revetment area at Buka I A/F. About 20 Japanese ftrs intercept. 2 Zeros are shot down.


09/22/43

Eighth AF

70 B-26's bomb Evreux/Fauville A/F. MB mission to attack Beauvais/Tille A/F aborts due to bad weather. 4 gps of P-47's sweep over NE France and Belgium and 3 gps sweep over N Belgium and Dutch Is. A few B-17's fly night attack on Hannover with RAF.


09/22/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC B-25's and B-26's bomb roads, railroad, and bridges at or near San Martino Sannita, Grottaminarda, Amorosi, and Mignano. B-25's on DS to NATAF attack small vessels near Elba with 75mm cannon. NATBF and XII A Spt Cmd airplanes hit troop concentrations and gun positions near Serino and Santa Lucia di Serino, road block at Nocera, town and roads at Fisciano, town of Pagani, tanks and trucks between Acerno and Montella and in Foggia area, vessels and docks at Manfredonia, town of Camarella, and landing ground at Capua.


09/22/43

Ninth AF

Ninth AF flies its final mission from Africa. B-24's bomb Maritsa and Eleusis A/Fs. The bomb gps of IX BC subsequently are transferred to Twelfth AF.


09/22/43

Tenth AF

MBs attack Ye-u branch line railroad bridge over Mu R between Ywataung and Monywa. Negligible damage is done to the tgt.


09/22/43

Fifth AF

After preparatory naval bombardment, elements of Australian 9th Div land at mouth of Song R N of Finschhafen and push to S. B-25's pound defenses in Finschhafen area. Almost 90 Fifth AF ftrs battle aircraft attacking the convoy. 38 enemy aircraft are claimed shot down. A-20's and B-25's hit Lae area. B-24's and B-25's bomb Gasmata A/F. B-24 hit Amboina.


09/23/43

Eighth AF

More than 150 HBs hit port area at Nantes and Vannes/ Meucon and Kerlin/Bastard A/Fs. 80 HBs strike Rennes/Saint-Jacques A/F and port area and ships at Nantes. MBs attack Conches/Evreux and Beauvais/Tille A/Fs. Mannheim is attacked by RAF, along with a few Eighth AF B-17's, in a night raid.


09/23/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC B-26's bomb bridges at Cancello Arnone and 3 mi NE of Capua. Planes of NATBF and XII A Spt Cmd attack motor transport, roads, railroads, town areas, gun positions, and T/Os in areas of San Severino Rota, Avellino, Sarno, Torre Annunziata, Aversa, Nocera, Resina, Serino, Pompeii, and Camarella.


09/23/43

Fifth AF

B-25's bomb and strafe villages in upper Markham R Valley. P-40's bomb Gasmata.


09/23/43

Thirteenth AF

23 B-24's, 16 P-38's, and 60-plus Navy dive bmrs, covered by AAF, Marine, Navy, and RNZAF ftrs, attack Kahili. Allied aircraft claim at least 9 ftrs shot down. 21 B-24's bomb area from Stanmore Plantation to mouth of Vila R. P-39's strafe 2 barges, at Sasamunga and Malanono, leaving both aflame."


09/23/43

Eleventh AF

Adm Kinkaid issues Op Plan 9-43 which reorganizes Alaskan Army and Navy air strength. CG Eleventh AF becomes Cmdr of TF 90, composed of TG 90.1, designated the Air Striking Unit (comprising 16 MBs, 12 HBs, 100 ftrs) and of TG 90.2, designated the Air Search Gp, a Navy air arm. For operations the Eleventh is now under the jurisdiction of COMNORPAC Forces. There is no administrative change.


09/24/43

Eighth AF

71 MBs hit Evreaux/ Fauville A/F in main attack. Other aircraft attack tgts at Beauvais.


09/24/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's and B-26's of XII BC hit roads, railways, bridges, and junctions at Grottaminarda, Maddaloni, Benevento, Avellino, Capua, Cancello Arnone, Amorosi, Ponte, and Mignano, and attack destroyer between Corsica and Elba. B-24's on DS from Eighth AF bomb M/Y at Pisa. US and RAF planes of NATBF, XII A Spt Cmd, and other elements of NATAF attack vehicles, roads, troop concentrations, and gun positions around Santa Lucia di Serino, Serino, Caserta, Benevento, Camarella, Baronissi, Nocera, Montemarano, and San Severo.


09/24/43

Fifth AF

B-24's fly small strike against Sorong and Manokwari.


09/25/43

Eighth AF

72 B-26's attack Saint-Omer/Longuenesse A/F.


09/25/43

Twelfth AF

About 90 B-17's of XII BC hit Bologna M/Y; 14 others hit Bolzano railroad bridge. B-25's and B-26's bomb A/Fs at Pisa, Lucca, and Bastia/Borgo, highway at Mignano, road junction at Maddaloni, and railroad and road bridges at Cancello Arnone, Caiazzo, and Ponte. US and RAF aircraft of NATBF, XII A Spt Cmd, and DAF hit Serino (causing roadblock), troop concentrations at Sarno, gun positions, troops, and vehicles near Nocera, Aquino A/F, storage dump N of Foggia, and a dredger at Termoli.


09/25/43

USSR

Soviet Army captures Smolensk.


09/25/43

Fifth AF

Nearly 40 B-17's, B-24, and B-25's bomb installations and supply lines from Bogadjim to villages on Ramu and Markham Rivers. A-20's and RAAF airplanes pound positions near Finschhafen as Australian 9th Div, having crossed Buni R previous day, pushes S toward the town. B-25's bomb and strafe AA positions at Rein Bay.


09/25/43

Thirteenth AF

B-25's join Navy TBF's and SBD's in pounding gun positions in areas around Vila A/F and Disappointment Cove.


09/26/43

Eighth AF

40 HBs hit Reims/ Champagne air depot. Bad weather prevents bombing by more than 160 other HBs dispatched to tgts in N France.


09/26/43

Twelfth AF

Ftrs, LBs, and MBs of XII A Spt Cmd, NATBF, and DAF patrol battle zone, escort convoys, carry out bombing and strafing sweeps against motor transport in Benevento-Melfi area and N of Foggia, bomb Pomigliano landing ground, and hit town of Sarno and military concentrations to the N. Bad weather prevents XII BC HB missions.


09/26/43

Fifth AF

B-24's bomb But and Dagua A/Fs. P-38's claim 9 enemy ftrs shot down in But-Dagua-Wewak areas. Other B-24's hit Nubia and Potsdam Plantations.


09/26/43

Thirteenth AF

21 B-24's, covered by 14 P-38's, bomb bivouac near Kahili. 30 P-40's and P-39's and 15 Navy F-4U's spt more than 50 Navy dive bmrs in strike on Kahili A/F hangar area and gun positions at Kangu Hill and Jakohina.


09/27/43

Eighth AF

HBs equipped with H2S fly first large daylight mission in ETO against cloud-covered tgt. Two of these pathfinder aircraft lead main attack of 244 other B-17's on port area at Emden. P-47's with belly tanks escort bmrs entire way to tgt in Germany for first time. More than 130 B-26's attack A/Fs at Conches and Beauvais/Tille. A few B-17's fly with RAF on night raid against Hannover.


09/27/43

Twelfth AF

Weather almost halts Twelfth AF operations. XII A Spt Cmd ftrs strafe Viterbo A/F and Bracciano seaplane base, bomb road j unction at San Severo, and strafe locomotive and train station. Other NATAF airplanes hit trucks in Benevento area.


09/27/43

Fifth AF

117 B-24's and B-25's, escorted by 129 P-38's and P-40's, attack A/Fs and shipping in Wewak area. About 40 aircraft are destroyed on the ground and 8 are claimed shot down in combat. The bmrs claim 10 ships (totalling about 28,000 tons), 11 luggers, and a launch sunk. Finschhafen is bombed twice during the day.


09/27/43

Thirteenth AF

27 B-24's, 20-plus P-40's and P-39's, and several Navy ftrs pound Kahili area. P-39's over Choiseul strafe (and explode) 3 barges off Wogai Pt, and strafe 2 others off Bambatana, leaving 1 ablaze.


09/28/43

Twelfth AF

Weather prevents completion of XII BC B-17 missions against Bologna M/Y and Bolzano railroad bridge, except for 1 HB which bombs Bolzano. Tac aircraft operations are also severely curtailed by weather. FBs bomb and strafe motor transport in Benevento-Castera area. US Fifth Army is ready for assault on Naples and Avellino. Castellamare di Stabia, Nocera, and Sala Consilina are taken.


09/28/43

Fifth AF

The Wewak area is again hit, the 40 attacking B-24's being escorted by 29 P-38's which claim 8 ftrs shot down. A-20's and RAAF Vengeances attack Finschhafen and Lae area. B-24's and P-39's hit road near Bogadjim.


09/28/43

Thirteenth AF

5 SB-24 snoopers attack convoy in N Solomons waters and claim several damaging hits. The convoy reverses its course.


09/29/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC B-25's and B-26's bomb bridges at or near Piana, Castelvenere, Amorosi, and Cancello Arnone. P-38's bomb Ausonia defile and bridge near San Apollinare. US and RAF tac aircraft hit town of San Giorgio del Sannio and roads in the area S of Benevento. US Fifth Army opens attack on Avellino during 29/30 Sep. Gen Eisenhower and Marshal Badoglio sign Italian surrender document on HMS Nelson off Malta.


09/29/43

USSR

Soviet Army takes Kremenchug.


09/29/43

Fourteenth AF

9 B-24's bomb Myitkyina and Sadon during routine ferry trips over the Hump.


09/29/43

Fifth AF

B-24's on armed rcn attack scattered shipping in NEI and Solomon and Bismarck Seas.


09/29/43

Thirteenth AF

P-40's, P-38's, and P-39's join Navy ftrs in supporting a strike by Navy dive bmrs on barge depot at Kakasa. Other P-40's strafe and set afire a barge off Sambi Pt.


09/30/43

Twelfth AF

XII BC P-38's, B-25's, and B-26's bomb road and rail and road bridges at Ausonia, Piana, Castelvenere, Amorosi, and Capua, and carry out sweeps from Bastia to Elba I. 7 B-25's hit Benevento and surrounding rail and road comm. XII A Spt Cmd Fbs carry out strafing and bombing missions N and NE of Naples as Avellino falls to US 3d Div.


09/30/43

Fourteenth AF

2 B-25's and 4 P-40's claim heavy damage to gunboat at Ft Bayard.


09/30/43

Fifth AF

B-24's and B-25's fly light raids against Boela, Sorong, and Manatuto.


09/30/43

Thirteenth AF

16 B-24's, covered by 20-plus P-38's and P-40's and a few Navy F-4U's, pound Kahili A/F area, hitting supply and bivouvac area NE of the strip. 6 B-25's bomb Kakasa.


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