01/01/43

Twelfth AF

Gen Cannon becomes CG, XII BC. Col Peter S Rask takes cmd of XII A Spt Cmd. B-17's hit harbor at Tunis, while B-26's hit M/Y. B-25's on mission against shipping near La Goulette abort due to weather. Ftrs escort bmr missions and C-47 transport runs and carry out routine patrols.


01/01/43

Ninth AF

B-24's strike harbor at Tunis, hitting turning basin, area just SW of it, and nearby rail junction. A few of the aircraft bomb SW and SE coast of Sicily.


01/01/43

Tenth AF

6 B-25's attack railroad bridge near Myitnge, claiming several hits on the tgt. The nearby A/F is also bombed.


01/01/43

Fifth AF

B-24's and B-17's bomb A/Fs at Rabaul, Gasmata, and Lae, and attack shipping at Rabaul.


01/02/43

Eighth AF

4 radar-equipped B-24's fly 'moling,' or intruder, mission aimed at harassing enemy in weather unsuitable for large missions by alerting air-raid crews in area north of the Ruhr. This mission and 2 subsequent missions in Jan are foiled by clear weather over tgt area.


01/02/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's bomb harbor and shipping at La Goulette. Escorting P-38's and Me 109's engage in air battle, each side losing 2 airplanes. A-20's and. DB-7's, with ftr escorts, consecutively raid Sousse harbor. In afternoon, DB-7's again hit the harbor. B-26's, with ftr protection, hit bridge N of El Djem. Ftrs fly escort, patrol, and rcn missions, attacking enemy vehicles and aircraft. Several trucks and Ftrs are claimed destroyed.


01/02/43

Ninth AF

B-25's bomb A/F at Heraklion. B-24's hit A/F at Kastelli/Pediada.


01/02/43

Tenth AF

CATF Ftrs continue to hit transportation tgts, strafing truck convoy on Burma Road. The strikes begin near Loiwing and cover 30 mi of highway. At least 5 trucks are destroyed and others damaged. 6 B-25's bomb Monywa A/F.


01/02/43

Fifth AF

A-20's, B-25's, B-26's, and B-24's, hit A/F and T/Os at Lae and Gasmata. Buna Mission is finally overrun by Australian and US forces.


01/02/43

Eleventh AF

3 B-25's, 3 B-26's, and 8 P-38's heading for Kiska are forced back by bad weather. The weather aircraft cannot see into Kiska Harbor or Gertrude Cove. 2 B-24's fly photo rcn over Amchitka and encounter poor weather. An OA-10 unsuccessfully searches islands E of Segula for missing OA-10.


01/03/43

Eighth AF

68 HBs of VIII BC strike Saint-Nazaire U-boat base in first attack on that installation since 23 Nov 42, and the heaviest attack to date against submarine bases. Formation (instead of individual) precision bombing is used for the first time by VIII BC, and considerable damage is done to dock area. There is heavy ftr opposition, and German flak is thrown up in an effective predirected barrage rather than in the usual attempt to track the bmrs. 7 aircraft are lost and 47 damaged; 70 men are missing and 5 killed.


01/03/43

Twelfth AF

All XII FC units in Tunisia (Ftrs and LBS) attack tanks which, with inf and arty Spt, have overrun French troops at Fondouk el Aouareb. The ftrs and LBs attack the tanks as they move W from Fondouk. Several tanks are reported destroyed or aflame and numerous other tanks and vehicles damaged. Spitfires based in Algeria escort C-47's on transport missions.


01/03/43

Ninth AF

RAF Baltimores, operating under IX BC, bomb Suda Bay and Timbakion A/F. A few of the aircraft bomb Kapistri.


01/03/43

Fifth AF

P-40's strafe troops in waters off Buna as US-Australian ground forces are mopping up in nearby Buna Mission area. B-26's along with a single B-24, bomb A/F at Lae while a B-24 bombs Madang and an A-20 hits Salamaua. A lone B-24 strafes A/F at Gasmata.


01/03/43

Eleventh AF

All but 2 searches are canceled because of weather.


01/04/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's sent, in 2 forces, to bomb Bizerte are forced to abort by heavy clouds over tgt. B-25's hit railroad yards at Kairouan while A-20's attack Cherichera. Ftrs provide escort for the bmrs and for C-47 transport runs, and fly rcn and patrol missions.


01/04/43

Ninth AF

Col Robert Kauch replaces Gen Adler as CO IX ASC.


01/04/43

Tenth AF

HBs from Gaya and Pandaveswar pound M/Y at Mandalay, halting northbound flow of supplies. Tracks and cars in S half of the M/Y are heavily bombed, causing fires visible for 70 mi. HBs also damage 15,000-ton transport at mouth of Rangoon R. 1 B-25 and 9 P-40's hit rail tgts at Naba.


01/04/43

Fifth AF

B-26's pound Sanananda Pt area as preparations for allied offensive in that sector get underway. A-20's and B-25's hit A/F, AA positions and buildings at Lae. B-24's, on single-plane flights, bomb A/F at Lae and attack schooners off Gasmata and Cape Kwoi.


01/04/43

Eleventh AF

6 B-24's, 3 B-25's, 3 B-26's, and 10 P-40's en route to Kiska, are forced back near Segula by snow squalls and low ceiling. The weather aircraft flies unsuccessful rcn over Kiska. Photo rcn is flown over Amchitka. An OA-10 investigates flares reported near Kagalaska Strait.


01/05/43

AAF

Gen Spaatz is designated Air CinC, Allied AF, in N Africa and, as such, Chief Air Adviser to Gen Eisenhower, the CinC Allied Forces.


01/05/43

Twelfth AF

Allied AF is activated. It includes Twelfth AF, EAC (RAF) and such French air units as might be assigned or attached to it. The cmd serves under direction of CinC, Allied Forces. System of area cmds in NW Africa is reorganized. HQ announces that the Moroccan, W Algerian, and C Algerian Comp Wgs are to be replaced by 2d, 1st, and 3d Air Def Wgs, respectively, upon arrival of these units in the theater. B-17's, with large P-38 escort, attack Sfax power station. Ftr-escorted B-26's hit Kairouan A/F. Other ftrs fly patrols, rcn, and C-47 escort.


01/05/43

Ninth AF

B-24's of 93d Gp bomb Sousse harbor (clouds obscure primary tgt at Tunis). RAF Liberators of 160 Sq during 5/6 Jan, hit harbors at Tunis and Sousse. Severe 2-day storm (4-5 Jan) sharply decreases capacity of Bengasi port and forces British Eighth Army to make greater use of more distant port of Tobruk.


01/05/43

Fifth AF

B-26's again pound Sanananda Point area as Australian inf and armd elements reach Soputa and US forces of 128th Inf start NW along coast toward Tarakena as preliminary moves to all-out assault on Sanananda get under way. B-17's, A-20's, B-25's, and B-24's hit A/F at Lae, and harbor, shipping, and A/F at Rabaul.


01/05/43

Eleventh AF

3 B-25's sink a 6,500-ton cargo vessel previously sighted by a PBY off Holtz Bay, where a weather and armed rcn B-24 with direct bomb hits sinks another freighter shortly afterwards. A B-24 flies photo rcn over Amchitka, concentrating on Constantine Harbor. A Kiska attack mission of 6 HBs, 6 MBs, and 12 ftrs is canceled due to weather.


01/06/43

Twelfth AF

A-20's, in 2 forces, hit military camp S of Kairouan. B-25's hit Kairouan railroad yards. Ftrs escort bmrs, carry out patrols and rcn flights, and accompany C-47's on transport operations.


01/06/43

Fifth AF

B-26's pound forces in Sanananda Pt area; A-20's hit Lae A/F; B-17's, B-24's, B-26's, and P-38's attack convoy heading SW off coast of New Britain bound for Lae; a single B-24 bombs Gasmata A/F.


01/06/43

Eleventh AF

Rcn is flown over Amchitka, the Semichis, Agattu, and Attu. Flotsam sighted outside of Holtz Bay confirms that freighter bombed on previous day sank. 6 B-24's, 6 B-25's, and 12 P-38's take off to attack Kiska. The P-38's and 1 B-24 turn back due to weather. The B-25's find the tgt obscured and 5 Zeros waiting to intercept them, whereupon they turn back without attacking. The 5 remaining B-24's circle Kiska without contacting enemy airplanes. One of the B-24's, exploiting a break in cloud cover, bombs Kiska submarine base area which the others then bomb also through the clouds.


01/07/43

Twelfth AF

Allied AF GO makes Twelfth AF responsible for air spt of US land forces in N Africa, and EAC responsible for spt of British First Army. However, units are to be placed under operational control of the other as the situation might dictate. B-26's bomb A/F and barracks at Gabes while A-20's attack troop concentrations at Kairouan. Ftrs escort both raids. Ftrs carry out several rcn missions and escort transports of 51st TC Wg on routine missions.


01/07/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit shipping in harbor at Palermo. Several other HBs abort because of bad weather. 1 B-24 on special mission bombs Maiouli Quay at Piraeus.


01/07/43

Tenth AF

P-40's blast fuel storage at Mangshih. CATF aircraft begin a series of raids, lasting through 10 Jan, during which they destroy trucks along Burma Road, barges on the Irrawaddy R, and stores in the Bhamo area.


01/07/43

Fifth AF

Japanese convoy bound for Lae from New Britain is again attacked by HBs, MBs, LBs, and ftrs (along with RAAF planes) in Solomon Sea off Finschhafen and during its progress off S coast of Huon Peninsula through Huon Gulf to Lae. Despite the heavy air resistance the convoy reaches its destination. Ftrs also hit A/F at Lae.


01/07/43

Eleventh AF

6 B-25's and 12 P-38's dispatched to Kiska turn back due to cloud cover. 6 B-24's circle over Kiska for 2 hrs until 4 can bomb the submarine base. AA fire damages 3 of the attackers. Negative rcn is flown over Amchitka, Kiska, Agattu, and Attu. Photos taken reveal use of smoke pots by the defenders and also suggest construction of a ftr strip along the ridge S of Salmon Lagoon.


01/08/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's hit docks at Ferryville and naval base at Bizerte. R-25's hit bridges and rail junctions at Graiba and at Kalaa Srira while B-26's hit Kairouan A/F. The HBs and MBs are escorted by P-38's. A-20's, escorted by P-40's, bomb tank concentration near Gabes. Other ftrs fly numerous patrols and rcn missions.


01/08/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit Tunis after weather and engine trouble prevent planned attack on Bizerte. RAF Liberators, under IX BC operational control, attack rail junction near Tripoli."


01/08/43

Tenth AF

6 P-40's bomb and strafe Watugyi and Nsopzup and strafe other tgts. 6 B-25's bomb storage area at Bhamo."


01/08/43

Fifth AF

HBs, MBs, and LBs, with ftr cover, join RAAF airplanes in continued pounding of convoy as it unloads about 4,000 reinforcements at Lae. Enemy ftr cover and allied aircraft continue fierce air combat.


01/08/43

Eleventh AF

A B-24 flies photo rcn over Amchitka. Another B-24 aborts a weather run over Kiska because of instrument trouble.


01/09/43

Twelfth AF

B-26's, with ftr escort, hit A/F 10 mi S of Tripoli while B-25's attack shipping off N Tunisian coast. Ftrs fly rcn and patrol, and escort C-47's.


01/09/43

Ninth AF

20 P-40's fly cover mission for RAF."


01/09/43

Tenth AF

5 B-25's, with escort of 9 P-40's, bomb Bhamo. Other ftrs strafe T/Os in Wanling, Bhamo, and Loiwing areas.


01/09/43

Fifth AF

US HBs, MBs, LBs, and ftrs, along with RAAF planes, continue to pound convoy as it leaves Lae. A/Fs, supply dumps, and troop concentrations at Lae and at Salamaua are also hit. 4 days of attacks on the convoy result in 2 transports sunk, several vessels damaged, and about 80 airplanes destroyed."


01/09/43

Eleventh AF

50-plus knot winds at Adak prevent missions.


01/10/43

Twelfth AF

Gen Craig takes cmd of XII A Spt Cmd. B-26's, with P-38 escort, attack M/Y and oil tanks at Gabes. B-26's, sent against Sousse abort because of bad weather. A-20's, with P-40 cover, hit military camp at Kebili. Ftrs escort C-47 missions and fly rcn and patrols. 1 P-40, on special mission, bombs German HQ at Kairouan.


01/10/43

Ninth AF

B-24's forced by overcast to divert from primary tgt of Bizerte, strike La Goulette, the seaport of the city of Tunis. P-40's fly rcn missions.


01/10/43

Tenth AF

MBs and HBs jointly attack Myitnge bridge, knocking out a span and causing considerable damage to the entire tgt.


01/10/43

Fifth AF

Allied aircraft operating over Solomon Sea S of New Britain continue to attack vessels of convoy which departed Lae on 9 Jan after unloading reinforcements and supplies. Supply dumps and AA positions in Lae area are also bombed."


01/10/43

SOPAC

P-39's and SBD's spt ground forces in Guadalcanal battle area. Strong-point and ammo dump are destroyed."


01/11/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's bomb fort and town of Gadames and attack rail bridge and highway bridge across the Oued el Akarit, NNW of Gabes. Escorting P-38's engage in 25-min combat with attacking ftrs, shooting down 1 and severely damaging another. 2 P-38's are lost. B-25's bomb shipping at NE Tunisian coast. Escorting P-38's claim 3 aircraft shot down. Other ftrs fly patrol and rcn, and escort C-47 transport missions.


01/11/43

Ninth AF

During 10/11 Jan, RAF Liberators, under IX BC control, bomb road junction at Tripoli. During daylight, US B-24's hit harbor at Naples. P-40's fly rcn and escort missions."


01/11/43

Tenth AF

Ftrs attack Bhamo, destroying barges, tugs, warehouses, and other port facilities. The ftrs also strafe fuel drums along road between Chefang and Mangshih and hit a truckful of soldiers near Ho-lu.


01/11/43

SOPAC

B-26's and P-39's hit Munda area.


01/12/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's bomb Castel Benito A/F S of Tripoli, claiming destruction of at least 20 parked airplanes. HBs claim destruction of 14 attacking aircraft in aerial combat. B-25's sent to hit shipping in Straits of Sicily and in Gulf of Gabes fail to find tgts and return with bombs. B-26's hit bridges at La Hencha and Chaaba, completely destroying 1 bridge. Ftrs fly patrols, rcn, and C-47 escort, and strafe moored seaplanes and destroy numerous trucks during sweep over Ben Gardane area.


01/12/43

Ninth AF

P-40's carry out 3 scramble interceptor missions, claiming 2 ftrs shot down. RAF Liberators, under IX BC, hit Tripoli.


01/12/43

Fifth AF

B-24's, in single-plane actions, bomb Finschhafen and Madang areas.


01/12/43

SOPAC

B-26's, P-38's, P-39's, and P-40's attack Munda. Other P-39's hit forces on Guadalcanal.


01/12/43

Eleventh AF

2 B-24's cover a small US Army and Navy force landing unopposed at Amchitka. 2 B-25's and 4 P-38 escorts also on this cover mission turn back due to weather. Weather rcn is flown over Attu, Agattu, Semichis and, lastly, over Kiska Harbor, where 4 ships are observed.


01/13/43

Eighth AF

64 HBs drop approximately 125 tons of bombs on the steel works, locomotive works, and M/Y at Lille. Locomotive construction and repair work are seriously impaired.


01/13/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's, with P 38 escort, bomb partially sunken freighter between Tunisia and Sicily. Ftrs fly uneventful rcn and patrol.


01/13/43

Ninth AF

Weather prevents B-24's from attacking Tripoli and also causes B-25's sent to bomb Bir Dufan to abort. P-40's fly cover for RAF Baltimores.


01/13/43

Fifth AF

A-20's bomb and strafe Sanananda Pt area and forces along Sanananda track. HBs and MBs hit dock facilities at Lae and A/Fs at Lae and Salamaua.


01/13/43

Thirteenth AF

Thirteenth AF, XIII BC, and XIII FC are activated in S Pacific. Thirteenth AF HQ is established on Espiritu Santo, FC HQ on New Caledonia, and BC HQ on Espiritu Santo. Cmdrs are: Gen Twining, Thirteenth AF; Col Harlan T McCormick, BC; Col Dean C Strother FC. P-39's strafe forces on the beach at Kokumbona and hit Visale in spt of ground offensive. Also MBs and ftrs hit A/F and adjacent areas at Munda, and pound Rekata Bay area."


01/13/43

Eleventh AF

3 bmrs and 4 ftrs are in the air. Weather rcn airplane returns W of Kiska due to high winds. Constantine Harbor is patrolled until weather forces aircraft to return. Attack on Kiska is can celled.


01/14/43

International

Casablanca Conference opens. Churchill, Roosevelt, and CCS discuss offensive in the Mediterranean and pledge to accept only unconditional surrender.


01/14/43

Eighth AF

One sq of 4th Ftr Gp becomes the first in Eighth AF to be completely equipped with P-47's.


01/14/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's, with ftr escort, attack docks and shipping at Sousse and Sfax. B-25's, with P-38's, fly anti-shipping sweep in Straits of Sicily; no ships are sighted but vehicles and troop concentrations are strafed by ftrs on return trip. B-26's, with ftr escort, attack rail junction at Kalaa Srira and junction and warehouse at Mahares. Ftrs fly rcn, patrols, and C-47 escort.


01/14/43

Ninth AF

B-25's strike motor transport near Gheiada, with P-40's providing cover. B-24's fail, because of weather, to locate Sousse harbor (primary tgt), but several bomb in tgt area and along road near Teboulba. RAF Liberators, under IX BC, hit Tripoli, Tagiura, and supply dump at Misurata.


01/14/43

Fifth AF

A-20's strafe Labu area and small boats in Sachsen Bay. B-25's bomb fuel dump and other sup plies along beach in vicinity of Voco Point near Lae. B-24's carry out single-plane attacks on Madang and Finschhafen, and also bomb Gasmata.


01/14/43

Thirteenth AF

P-39's, dropping improvised gasoline bombs in Guadalcanal battle area around Mount Austen and Kokumbona pound forces and supplies throughout the day. Others hit barges and launches at Kaimana Bay and Aruligo Point.


01/15/43

Twelfth AF

B-26's attack rail road and highway bridge across Oued el Akarit, NNW of Gabes. Escorting P-38's fight long battle with ftrs. 2 MBs and 2 P-38's are shot down. B-25's and B-26's fly 3 counter-shipping missions N and NE off Tunisia, claiming 1 vessel left in flames. Escorting ftrs strafe trucks and claim 10 aircraft shot down. Ftrs fly several rcn and patrol operations, intercept enemy airplanes attacking A/Fs in Labasse area, and escort transport aircraft.


01/15/43

Ninth AF

B-24's bomb harbor at Tripoli, scoring hits on vessels and on shore areas near the harbor. P-40's fly sweep and FB operations as British Eighth Army begins assault on Buerat line and drive on Tripoli. RAF Liberators, under IX BC, hit road junction at Tripoli.


01/15/43

Tenth AF

6 B-24's hit shipping in Rangoon area, claiming 1 vessel sunk and another damaged. 6 P-40's bomb barges at Bhamo; 6 others bomb Nsopzup; 3 more hit footbridges and T/Os at Taihpa Ga, Yupbang Ga, and other points in N Burma.


01/15/43

Fifth AF

A-20's strafe Sanananda Pt area as US troops envelop pockets along Soputa-Sanananda road. B-25's bomb supply dumps at Lae while B-24's hit A/F at Gasmata. B-24's carry out single-plane attacks on bridge construction at Wewak and runway at Cape Gloucester.


01/15/43

Thirteenth AF

B-17's, P-40's, P-39's, and P-38's attack shipping in C Solomons; 1 HB bombs Ballale I. Other P-39's hit forces in Guadalcanal battle area and attack vessel off Kolombangara.


01/15/43

Eleventh AF

A total of 8 P-38's, 3 B-25's and a B-24 patrol Constantine Harbor, fly rcn over Kiska, where 1 ship is sighted, and fly negative armed rcn runs over Attu, the Semichis, and Buldir.


01/16/43

RAF

RAF HBs attack Berlin during 16/17 Jan for first time since 7 Nov 41. Tgt indicator bombs are used for the first time.


01/16/43

Twelfth AF

B-26's on shipping strike in Straits of Sicily fail to find ships. A-20's on armed rcn return to base with bombs when no tgts are sighted. Ftrs and F-4's fly rcn and patrols. Spitfires escort C-47's on ferry runs.


01/16/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit Tripoli harbor and town area. RAF Liberators of 178 Bomb Sq bomb road junction and Benito Gate at Tripoli. P-40's fly patrol, scramble, and FB missions as British Eighth Army, having passed through enemy's main defenses at Buerat, pushes toward Tripoli.


01/16/43

Tenth AF

P-40's intercept aircraft that attempt strike on Yunnani and claim 7 Zeros shot down in the air battle. Anticipating that the Japanese planes will land at Lashio A/F, Chennault sends 6 MBs and 11 ftrs to that field in hopes of catching the enemy on the ground. Finding no aircraft there, the MBs and ftrs attack town of Lashio. This is last raid by CATF before fuel shortage grounds the ftrs for the remainder of the month and the MBs for 33 days. IATF B-25's hit Mandalay-Lashio and Sagaing-Ye-u branch railroad lines with 3 strikes on 16 and 17 Jan, knocking out 2 important rail hubs. 10 B-25's bomb railroad yards at Maymyo.


01/16/43

Fifth AF

A-20's pound Soputa Sanananda trail, Kurenada area, and area S of Kumusi R, after which US and Australian ground forces open assault on Sanananda which falls the next day. B-25's again bomb supplies at Lae. B-24's carry out single-plane attacks on A/Fs at Gasmata and town of Finschhafen, and cruiser ESE of Cape Orford.


01/16/43

Thirteenth AF

B-26's from Espiritu Santo join P-39's and P-38's in Guadalcanal campaign, pounding the Japanese at Tassafaronga. Munda area is also bombed. B-17's bomb Buin-Faisi area, concentrating on Kahili A/F on Bougainville and Ballale A/F on Shortland I.


01/16/43

Eleventh AF

6 B-24's off to hit Kiska return due to weather. A B-24 flies negative rcn over Buldir, the Semichis, Attu, and Agattu.


01/17/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's, with P-38 cover, attack rail junction at Graiba. Other B-25's on shipping strike fail to locate vessels and return with bombs. Ftrs fly routine rcn and patrols and escort C-47 missions.


01/17/43

Ninth AF

B-24's bomb Tripoli harbor. P-40's fly rcn, patrol, top cover, and FB missions as British ground forces pursue enemy toward Tripoli, reaching positions 10 mi E of Misurata on coast with Beni Ulid on the S flank. During 17/18 Jan, RAF Liberators hit Castel Benito A/F and road junction W of Homs.


01/17/43

Tenth AF

6 B-25's bomb railroad T/Os N of Monywa. 3 others bomb rail junction at Maymyo.


01/17/43

Fifth AF

A-20's strafe Mambare Delta and hit positions between Bakumbari and Salamaua. B-17's bomb landing grounds and shipping in Rabaul. R-25's again pound supply stores at Lae. B-24's, operating individually, attack Finschhafen and Madang wharf areas, Malahang A/F, A/F at Gasmata, and a vessel SE of Rambutyo Is."


01/17/43

Thirteenth AF

P-39's pound mortar positions near Allied lines on Guadalcanal. Ground supply lines to Mount Austen battle area reopen after 3 days of being closed because their extension outran the capacity of the native carriers. During the 3 days, B-17's from Henderson Field airlift rations, water, and ammo to the troops, using what improvised cargo parachutes are available and in many cases wrapping the supplies in burlap or canvas and pushing them out.


01/18/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's, with ftr escort, bomb Castel Benito A/F. B-26's attack 2 vessels in Gulf of Hammamet. Ftrs fly rcn and patrols and escort C-47 runs.


01/18/43

Ninth AF

B-24's strike Tripoli harbor. P-40's fly top cover and FB mission. Gen Montgomery orders accelerated day and night pursuit toward Tripoli as contact with Rommel's forces is temporarily lost due to terrain and obstacles.


01/18/43

USSR

Siege of Leningrad is raised after 17 months of bombardment.


01/18/43

Tenth AF

8 P-40's and a B-25 strike Kamaing."


01/18/43

Fifth AF

B-25's bomb motor pool and supply dumps at Lae. B-24's, operating individually, bomb Madang and Malahang A/Fs and attack cargo ship SE of Rambutyo I.


01/18/43

Thirteenth AF

B-17's, P-38's, and P-40's attack shipping at Shortland I, bomb Ballale I, and attackschooner S of Santa Isabel. Hits are scored on 2 vessels.


01/18/43

Eleventh AF

A B-24 on rcn reports 2 vessels in Kiska Harbor. Thereupon 4 B-24's, 4 B-26's, 1 B-25, and 6 P-38's fly out of Adak. Mechanical trouble forces 2 B-26's to return. Bomb run is negative. Meanwhile bad weather closes in on Kiska and Adak. 6 aircraft are lost. 1 B-24 lands in a 20 mph downwind and crashes into 2 P-38's while 3 other B-24's are missing on return flight.


01/19/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's hit industrial area just S of Tunis and M/Y at Jabal al Jallud. P-38's provide cover for HBs. B-25's hit Medenine and nearby motor park. Ftrs continue routine rcn, patrol, and C-47 escort missions.


01/19/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit harbors at Tripoli and Sousse. B-25's hit Castel Benito A/F and motor transport on road. Ground forces regain contact with enemy. Coastal force reaches Homs while S column presses toward Tarhunah.


01/19/43

Tenth AF

B-24's from Pandaveswar fly missions over Burma and Thailand. 1 flight bombs Thazi, a railroad junction S of Mandalay. The other flight carries out photo rcn of Kanchanaburi and bombs docks at Bassein during return trip. This rcn flight, the largest mission in the theater to date, reveals construction of a new rail-line from Thailand to Burma. 14 P-40's and a B-25 pound Kamaing.


01/19/43

Fifth AF

A-20's strafe troops in Kurenada area. B-25's hit barracks area and supply dumps at Toeal and pound supply dumps at Lae. HBs carry out individual attacks on various tgts at Lae, Madang, Cape Hollman, Cape Saint George, Finschhafen, and Gasmata.


01/19/43

Thirteenth AF

B-17's, escorted by P-38's and P-40's, bomb runway and revetments at Munda.


01/19/43

Eleventh AF

The crew of one of the 3 B-24's missing from previous day's mission, which had crashlanded at Great Sitkin I, is picked up by a Navy tender. Weather precludes missions and searches.


01/20/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's hit Cap Mangin near Gabes when cloud cover prevents bombing of primary tgt, Tripoli. B-25's hit shipping in Straits of Sicily. Ftrs continue rcn and patrols, and C-47's continue transport flights with ftr escort.


01/20/43

Ninth AF

B-24's hit harbor at Tripoli. P-40's fly top cover and FB operations as enemy resistance to British adv stiffens in Homs-Tarhunah area.


01/20/43

Fifth AF

B-25's bomb supply dumps at Lae. B-24's, operating singly, attack Cape Gloucester, Gasmata, Madang, and Finschhafen. B-25's attack tgts in Aroe Is.


01/20/43

Thirteenth AF

B-26's claim hit on destroyer off S Bougainville.


01/20/43

Seventh AF

Col Truman H Landon becomes CO VII BC.


01/20/43

Eleventh AF

Weather aircraft aborts shortly after takeoff. A B-24 and a Navy PBY search without results for the 2 missing B-24's.


01/21/43

CCS

'Casablanca Directive' is issued. It broadly outlines the operations of the BCs of the US and Britain located in UK as having primary object of destruction of German military, economic, and industrial systems and undermining of morale of German people. Primary tgts listed in order of priority are submarine construction yards, aircraft industry, transportation, oil plants, and other war industries. It largely relieves VITI BC of supporting N African operations.


01/21/43

Eighth AF

Gen Eaker completes paper called 'The Case For Day Bombing' which he presents to Gen Arnold at Casablanca Conference Eaker then discusses these ideas on the merits of daylight bombing with Churchill in attempt to convince him of its effectiveness. Churchill later concurs. This paper leads to development of CBO program.


01/21/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's bomb highway and railroad bridge just N of Pont-du-Fahs. B-26's hit 2 freighters NE of Cap Bon, sinking 1 and damaging the other. Ftrs fly bmr and C-47 escort and fly sweeps and rcn, attacking and destroying large number of trucks on Gabes-Ben Gardane road. A-20's and ftr escort bomb and strafe tank and truck concentration near Ousseltia in spt of elements of US 1st Armd Div which begins Allied assault in effort to push enemy back in Ousseltia Valley into which new enemy offensive under new Axis CG, Col Gen von Arnim, has advanced in 4-day push.


01/21/43

Ninth AF

B-24's bomb Tripoli harbor. B-25's attack tgts along Surman-Az Zawiyah road. P-40's fly FB missions against ground tgts as British Eighth Army overcomes resistance in area. Enemy strengthens Tarhunah area at expense of Homs front, causing Gen Montgomery to decide to make main effort along coast."


01/21/43

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb A/F and shipping in Rabaul. In NE New Guinea B-25's hit supply dumps and A/F. A single B-24 attacks cruiser at Amboina harbor.


01/21/43

Thirteenth AF

HQ moves from New Caledonia to Espiritu Santo. B-17's, B-26's, and P-39's pound bivouac and other tgts in Munda. B-17's also attack shipping E of Kieta.


01/21/43

Eleventh AF

Weather rcn airplane flies. An attack run over Kiska and patrol over Amchitka are called off due to weather. Air searches for 2 B-24's missing since 18 Jan continues."


01/22/43

Twelfth AF

Another step is taken toward amalgamation of US and RAF air strength in Allied AF. Air spt for US and British land forces in N Africa is coordinated by formation of a new combined HQ, Allied A Spt Cmd, subordinate to Allied AF and under cmd of Gen Kuter. The cmd consists of XII A Spt Cmd, 242 Gp (RAF), a photo rcn unit, and other units that might be assigned to it. B-17's, operating in 2 forces, bomb El Aouina A/F in the morning. B-26's hit the A/F shortly after noon and B-25's attack later in the afternoon. Other B-26's, on shipping strike, severely damage a freighter in Straits of Sicily. Ftrs fly escort for bmrs and for C-47's and carry out numerous rcn and patrol missions. P-39's and P-40's spt allied ground assault in Ousseltia Valley which has been halted by strong opposition. The ftrs silence several machine-gun positions.


01/22/43

Ninth AF

B-25's bomb road junction near Tripoli. P-40's fly cover and FB missions as British Eighth Army's 22d Armd Brig passes through 51st Inf Div at Homs and drives beyond Castelverde. Forces to S adv to within 17 mi of Tripoli.


01/22/43

Tenth AF

9 P-40's bomb and strafe Nsopzup and hit T/O S of town.


01/22/43

Fifth AF

B-25's bomb Lae terrace area. B-24's bomb Simpson Harbor and shipping and searchlights at Rabaul, and attack vessel off Amboina. A-20's strafe small boats in Baden Bay and at Woiba I. On this date Papua Campaign ends with collapse of organized resistance on Sanananda front. A decisive victory has been won by the Allied forces, the first of the war against the Japanese on land.


01/22/43

Thirteenth AF

XIII FC moves from New Caledonia to Espiritu Santo.


01/22/43

Eleventh AF

Weather rcn aircraft finds Kiska closed in and flies negative search mission for 2 missing B-24's. For first time weather airplane draws AA fire through overcast at Kiska, suggesting that the Japanese have fire-control radar.


01/23/43

Eighth AF

19 HBs bomb port facilities and U-boat base at Brest while 35 attack the sub pens and supply shed at Lorient-Keroman. At Lorient, enemy ftrs use new tactics of coordinated attacks in groups of 6 aircraft. 5 bmrs are shot down."


01/23/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's, in 2 forces, hit Bizerte naval base and shipping in the immediate area. Much damage is done to base facilities and 1 motor vessel is sunk. 75 to 100 ftrs attack formations, and HBs and escorting P-38's claim 20 destroyed. B-26's hit shipping off NE Tunisia, attacking several vessels and claiming 1 destroyed. Escorting ftrs hit trucks and tanks near Enfidaville during return flight. A-20's, and escorting P-40's, attack heavy gun battery, machine-gun nests, and 2 inf cos while supporting ground forces in battle area S of Ousseltia. Ftrs of XII A Spt Cmd destroy over 20 vehicles on Gabes-Ben Gardane highway.


01/23/43

Ninth AF

During 23/24 Jan, B-24's bomb Palermo harbor. P-40's fly cover and FB missions during the day as Tripoli falls to Gen Montgomery's Eighth Army.


01/23/43

Fifth AF

B-17's attack A/Fs at Rabaul and shipping off Cape Gazelle. B-25's pound supply dumps in terrace area of Lae. B-24's, operating individually, hit Madang and Finschhafen, and attack transports N of Rabaul and at Simpson Harbor.


01/23/43

Thirteenth AF

US ground forces, aided by P-39's and USMC FBs, have by this date pushed up Guadalcanal coast and taken Kokumbona and Poha R Valley. The enemy has now lost control of good landing beach W of the A/Fs. Captured with the beach are the arty pieces that have menaced Henderson Field and ground forces in Mount Austen area. The enemy's supply routes, comm systems, and ammo dumps are also lost.


01/23/43

Seventh AF

24 P-40's of 78th Ftr Sq fly from Barking Sands, Kauai, in the Hawaiian Is to Midway (where they carry out patrols until 23 Apr 43). This flight of about 1,100 nautical mi is the longest over-water massed flight of single-engine planes made as of this date. The 78th replaces the P-40's of the 73d Ftr Sq on Midway.


01/23/43

Eleventh AF

Weather rcn over Kiska and search mission for missing B-24's reveal nothing. Enemy airplanes appear over Amchitka twice but inflict no damage. During 18-23 Jan, a period of continuous storm and sudden changes to extreme foul weather, non-combat losses were exceptionally high as 13 aircraft were lost. No losses resulted from enemy action.


01/24/43

Twelfth AF

Col Paul L Williams assumes cmd of XII A Spt Cmd. B-25's and B-26's, operating in 2 forces, attack Medenine A/F. B-17's hit shipping in Sousse harbor. Ftrs escort bmrs and attack vehicles and troop concentrations along battleline in Tunisia.


01/24/43

Ninth AF

B-25's strike Medenine A/F. P-40's fly cover and FB missions as Axis forces retreat W from Tripoli."


01/24/43

Tenth AF

492d Bomb Sq, not previously tried in battle, borrows 4 B-24's and 1 crew from 436th Sq and mounts a 9-plane strike against docks at Rangoon. Hits are scored on the wharves, storage areas, and a 6,000-ton vessel in the harbor. P-40's bomb and strafe ammo stores at Shaduzup.


01/24/43

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb A/F, harbor, and shipping at Rabaul. B-25's hit supply dumps in terrace area of Lae. Single B-24's attack runways at Cape Gloucester and Gasmata, and bomb Dili."


01/24/43

Eleventh AF

6 HBs and 6 MBs attempt attack on Kiska. MBs abort over Semisopochnoi. HBs circle Kiska until weather closes in. 2 aircraft bomb Amchitka harbor area before US interceptors, 6 P-38's and 1 B-24, arrive. 2 P-38's return due to mechanical troubles. The others fly negative search over Kiska.


01/25/43

Twelfth AF

Bad weather cancels HB and MB missions. Ftrs fly rcn, patrol, and C-47 escort.


01/25/43

Ninth AF

P-40's carry out FB operations. 7th Armd Div, in pursuit of enemy, reaches Az Zawiyah.


01/25/43

Tenth AF

5 B-25's from Argatala bomb bridge (which the enemy is striving to rebuild) at Myitnge. The S approach to the bridge is destroyed and repair work on the bridge suspended. 3 B-25's add to destruction at Mandalay M/Y, tearing up tracks, wrecking about 75 railroad cars, and setting the freight house aflame. 3 other B-25's inflict similar damage on M/Y at Naba. 6 B-24's pound Rangoon dock area.


01/25/43

Fifth AF

A-20's strafe areas in NE Papua where there appears to be some enemy movement. B-25's blast supply dumps and AA and machine-gun positions around Lae. Single B-24's attack runways at Gasmata and Cape Gloucester, and runway and beached ship at Finschhafen.


01/25/43

SOPAC

Final phase of Guadalcanal offensive begins with orders of Gen Patch to begin pursuit of enemy along NW coast toward Cape Esperance. Enemy retreat is to be cut off by landing of a US bn just SW of the cape.


01/25/43

Thirteenth AF

B-26's and P-38's hit A/F at Munda and bomb the wharf at Repirepi, demolishing it. Other P-38's bomb installations in Rekata Bay area, Santa Isabel I.


01/25/43

Seventh AF

6 B-24's, staging through Midway from Oahu, carry out photo rcn mission over Wake and drop 60 bombs. They claim 1 ftr shot down.


01/25/43

Eleventh AF

P-38's are dispatched too late to engage 2 float-planes bombing Amchitka. Rcn is flown over Kiska, Buldir, Semichis, Attu, and Agattu. 1 B-24 and 4 P-38's fly 2 patrol missions over Amchitka. An attack mission to Kiska is turned back by weather. B-25's unsuccessfully search for missing aircraft.


01/26/43

Twelfth AF

B-26's on shipping strike abort because of weather which limits air activity. Ftrs fly rcn and local patrol missions.


01/26/43

Ninth AF

Headwinds prevent B-24's from reaching Naples (primary tgt) before dark, so they divert to Messina, bombing town and area around train ferry terminal. P-40's fly FB operation, refueling at Castel Benito.


01/26/43

Tenth AF

7 B-24's bomb shipping and dock area at Rangoon. 12 B-25's bomb Mandalay M/Ys. 15 P-40's and 3 B-25's hit town area and bridge at Shaduzup, railroad SW of Meza, and Naba M/Y."


01/26/43

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb shipping and Rapopo airstrip in Rabaul area. A-20's and B-25's pound Lae area, concentrating on supply storage dumps. B-24's carry out individual attacks on runways at Cape Gloucester and Gasmata and hit Finschhafen.


01/26/43

Thirteenth AF

B-17's bomb A/F on Ballale I. P-39's, along with Navy aircraft, bomb AA positions and revetment area at Munda.


01/26/43

Seventh AF

3 B-24's, taking off from Funafuti in the Ellice Is, fly photo rcn mission over Tarawa, Maiana, Abemama, Beru, and Tomama in the Gilberts. The HBs attack merchant vessel in lagoon at Tarawa. P-40's of 73d Ftr Sq fly from Midway to Kaneoke NAS in the Hawaiian Is, a distance of about 1,400 mi, thus breaking the record set by the 78th Sq on 23 Jan.


01/26/43

Eleventh AF

All missions canceled due to weather. 2 enemy airplanes strafe Constantine Harbor.


01/27/43

Eighth AF

53 HBs make first Eighth AF attack on Germany, bombing naval base, U-boat construction works, power plant, and docks at Wilhelmshaven. 2 other HBs bomb submarine base at Emden.


01/27/43

Twelfth AF

B-25's hit shipping off N coast of Algeria, attacking 2 destroyers and leaving 1 on fire. B-26's on shipping strike fail to attack sighted vessels because of weather. A-20's attack town of Al Mazzunah. Ftrs escort bmrs and fly rcn and local patrols.


01/27/43

Ninth AF

During 26/27 Jan, B-24's bomb Naples and Messina. In afternoon, other B-24's hit Palermo, after weather causes diversion from primary tgt at Naples. British Eighth Army's 7th Armd Div meets stiffening resistance near Zuwarah.


01/27/43

Fifth AF

A-20's hit huts and AA positions at Garrison Hill while B-25's pound supply storage and runway at Malahang. Individual B-24's bomb Finschhafen town, runway on tip of Huon Peninsula, and Gasmata A/F.


01/27/43

Thirteenth AF

Gen Twining and a crew of 14 are down at sea between Guadalcanal and Espiritu Santo. The entire group is rescued 6 days later. Gen Twining's rubber raft had no radio, an item which COMGEN SOPAC, Gen Millard Harmon, had been requesting for some time. This incident results in the rapid appearance of dinghy radio sets in the area. 6 B-26's and 8 P-39's attack A/F at Munda."


01/27/43

Eleventh AF

Negative weather rcn sortie over Kiska. 4 P-38's fly protective patrol over Amchitka. Upon their departure, 3 Japanese aircraft appear and unsuccessfully bomb shipping but cause 3 casualties.


01/28/43

Twelfth AF

60 HBs and MBs in 3 waves (B-17's, B-25's, and B-26's) attack harbor, shipping, and M/Ys at Sfax. All missions are escorted by P-38's. P-40's of XII A Spt Cmd attack inf and arty while supporting French and US ground forces in Ousseltia Valley where Allies gain control of W exit and half of Kairouan Pass.


01/28/43

Fifth AF

A-20's bomb area from Garrison Hill to Komiatum Track and B-17's hit Wewak area. B-24's carryout individual attacks at Salamaua, on cargo vessel in Open Bay and nearby village in New Britain, and on transport off Amboina.


01/28/43

Thirteenth AF

5 B-26's and 12 P-39's attack A/F at Vila on Kolombangara. P-38's and P-40's, along with Navy aircraft, hit shipping between Choiseul and Kolombangara, claiming hits on a tanker and a smaller vessel.


01/28/43

Seventh AF

1 B-24 flies photo rcn over Nauru and Ocean I.


01/28/43

Eleventh AF

Weather airplane encounters poor visibility over Kiska. 2 patrols fly over Amchitka. The second runs into poor weather and aborts. Attack on Kiska is canceled due to weather.


01/29/43

Twelfth AF

3 consecutive waves of B-17's attack docks and shipping at Bizerte. B-26's hit El Aouina A/F while others on shipping strike between Tunisia and Sicily severely damage a cargo liner. Ftrs escort bmrs and C-47's and carry out rcn.


01/29/43

Fifth AF

B-25's pound area around Mubo, concentrating on positions on Garrison and Mat Hill. Single B-24's bomb runways at Cape Gloucester and Gasmata.


01/29/43

Thirteenth AF

B-26's and P-39's hit bivouac area at Vila, Kolombangara and A/F at Munda Pt. B-17's bomb Kahili A/F.


01/29/43

Eleventh AF

Weather rcn over Kiska and patrol over Rat I, flown by 1 B-24, 2 B-25's, and 4 P-38's, are recalled early due to weather. All other missions canceled.


01/30/43

Twelfth AF

Over 50 B-17's bomb docks and shipping at Ferryville. B-25's hit railroad installations and warehouses at El Aouinet while B-26's bomb railroad S of Reyville. Ftrs and A-20's carry out numerous strafing and bombing operations against tanks, motor transport, and troop concentrations along battleline in Tunisia between El Guettar and Faid.


01/30/43

Ninth AF

B-24's bomb train ferry terminal at Messina. Direct hits are scored on a ship and AA battery near terminal.


01/30/43

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb shipping and wharf facilities at Rabaul. A-20's strafe and bomb Lae and area around Mubo in vicinity of Garrison Hill and along Komiatum Track. B-24's, operating individually, bomb runway at Gasmata and attack transport vessel in Open Bay.


01/30/43

Thirteenth AF

AA positions and A/F area at Munda Pt are pounded by B-17's, B-26's, P-40's and P-39's.


01/30/43

Eleventh AF

2 patrols, each composed of 1 B-25 and 4 P-38's, fly over Amchitka and are recalled early due to weather. 1 B-17, upon an alleged submarine sighting, drops 4 depth charges and 1 bomb whereupon a whale breaks water. Weather cancels other missions.


01/31/43

USAFIME

Gen Brereton, CG Ninth AF, assumes cmd of USAFIME.


01/31/43

Twelfth AF

B-17's hit harbor and shipping at Bizerte. B-26's bomb Gabes A/F. Ftrs escort bmrs and attack ground tgts and furnish cover for ground forces along battleline in Tunisia, mainly between Gafsa and Faid.


01/31/43

Ninth AF

IX FC begins functioning at its HQ station at Kabrit, Egypt, Gen Strickland is CG. B-24's hit railroad ferry installations at Messina harbor. British 7th Armd Div finishes clearing Zuwarah.


01/31/43

Fifth AF

A-20's continue to pound positions between Mubo and Komiatum. B-17's pound A/Fs, shipping, and town area at Rabaul. A single B-24 bombs runway at Cape Gloucester, while a lone B-17 bombs runway at Wewak. Other B-24's unsuccessfully attack isolated vessels over widespread areas in Banda Sea and Solomon Sea."


01/31/43

Thirteenth AF

P-39's join Navy aircraft in attacks on shipping in Vella Gulf. Hits are claimed on a destroyer. B-17's bomb ammo dump and A/F at Vila. P-39's, P-38's, P-40's, and other Allied ftrs carry out sweeps over Vila and over Munda.


01/31/43

Eleventh AF

Weather and photo rcn aircraft flies twice over Kiska. During first mission near Attu the airplane is jumped by 6 ftrs which it eludes. 4 B-17's, 2 B-24's, 6 B-25's, 4 P-38's, and 4 P-40's then attempt attack on Kiska. P-40's turn back with mechanical troubles. The other aircraft find Kiska closed in and abort mission. 2 patrol missions, each by 1 B-25 and 4 P-38's, fly over Amchitka. 2 enemy float-planes bomb Constantine Harbor without results.


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