06/01/42

Tenth AF

5 HBs attack Rangoon dock and harbor area, claiming 1 tanker sunk and another left listing.


06/01/42

Fifth AF

B-17's attack Lae, Salamaua, and Rabaul.


06/01/42

ZI

Fear of attack on W coast causes suspension of movement of aircraft and crews from US to UK.


06/02/42

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb dock and military camp area at Rabaul.


06/02/42

Seventh AF

6 of 16 B-17's that have been on DS at Midway return to Oahu.


06/02/42

ZI

Aircraft and crews of 97th Bomb Gp, then in New England for movement to UK, are ordered to W coast as defensive measure again attack on US.


06/03/42

Tenth AF

A flight of 6 B-25's of 11th Bomb Sq earmarked for CATF, take off from Dinjan for China. They bomb Lashio en route to Kunming, but afterward 3 crash into an overcast-hidden mountain at 10,000 ft and another is abandoned when it runs out of fuel near Chan-i. The remaining 2 B-25's reach Kunming, 1 with its radio operator killed by a ftr.


06/03/42

Fifth AF

B-17's hit wharf, warehouse area, and military camp at Rabaul.


06/03/42

Seventh AF

Preliminary action begins in Battle of Midway. 9 B-17's, flying out of Midway, attack 5 large warships 570 mi off Midway, claiming 5 hits and several near misses. 7 other B-17's leave Oahu and fly to Midway.


06/03/42

Eleventh AF

Japanese carrierbased bmrs and ftrs bomb and strafe Ft Mears and Dutch Harbor in several waves inflicting little damage and killing 52 US personnel. P-40's from Cold Bay trying to intercept them arrive 10 min after the last attack wave departs. Other P-40's at Umnak are notified too late due to communication failure. 9 P-40's and 6 B-26's fly patrol but cannot find the fleet--180 mi S of Dutch Harbor--but 2 of the P-40's engage 4 carrier-based aircraft, shoot down one and damage another.


06/04/42

AAF

Schedule, with tables of composition and strength, indicating total of 3,649 airplanes, is set up for AAF in UK.


06/04/42

Tenth AF

2 HBs bomb Rangoon, but are attacked by 10 ftrs. 1 HB is shot down and the other badly damaged. This raid ends 2 months of harassing strikes against Rangoon; soon all HBs are grounded by monsoon.


06/04/42

Seventh AF

Battle of Midway. 4 B-26's, in conjunction with Navy torpedo bmrs, attack carrier; 2 of the MBs are shot down. In further morning action 14 B-17's attack a TF approaching Midway at a distance of 145 mi; they claim several hits on carriers and 2 Zeros shot down. In late afternoon 2 B-17's attack carrier force at 31-40N 179-10W, claiming hits on a battleship and a carrier and 3 airplanes shot down. 4 other B-17's claim a hit on heavy cruiser 185 mi from Midway. 6 B-17's, en route to Midway from Hawaii, bomb ships 170 mi from Midway, claiming hits on a burning carrier, the Hiryu, hit earlier in the battle, and a destroyer, which is claimed sunk.


06/04/42

Eleventh AF

A carrier-borne force strikes again as 11 bmrs, 10 ftrs, and 8 torpedo bmrs attack Dutch Harbor in several waves. 2 P-40's intercept 4 bmrs just before noon over Umnak Pass and shoot down 3. During the afternoon P-40's intercept 9 ftrs. A dogfight claims one enemy aircraft and one P-40, the Eleventh's first combat casualty. AA fire claims another Japanese bmr. During the afternoon 2 B-17's and 5 B-26's attack the carrier force, and 3 more B-26's strike the cruiser Takao. No hits are scored. 1 B-24 and 1 B-25 fail to return.


06/05/42

Eighth AF

VIII AFBC, activated in US on 28 Jan 42, is redesignated VIII AFSC. Col Harold A McGinnis assumes cmd."


06/05/42

Fifth AF

B-17's hit wharves, warehouse, and coal jetty at Rabaul.


06/05/42

Seventh AF

Battle of Midway continues with Japanese fleet retiring westward. In the morning 8 B-17's hit force 130 mi from Midway, claiming hits on 2 large warships. During afternoon 6 B-17's claim hits on heavy cruiser 300 mi from Midway. The last strike by Seventh AF aircraft in the Battle of Midway is by 5 B-17's which bomb a heavy cruiser 425 mi from Midway. 1 B-17 is shot down and another lost due to fuel shortage. The battle ends with Midway's installations heavily damaged by bombs but still in US hands and with landing strips still intact. During the fighting (3-5 Jun) Seventh AF aircraft carried out 16 B-17 attacks (55 sorties) and 1 torpedo attack by 4 B-26's, claiming 22 hits on ships and 10 ftrs shot down. 2 B-17's and 2 B-26's were lost. One of the decisive battles of naval history, Midway will cost Japan the initiative and will be a turning point in the Pacific war.


06/05/42

Eleventh AF

18 B-26's, 10 B-17's and 2 LB-30's search and attack sorties are flown against the carrier force, the B-26's splitting into 3 missions, the B-17's into 2. No contact is made. The B-17's using radar bomb tgts which look like ships, but later turn out to be the Pribilof Is. The 54th Ftr Sq begins moving into Umnak.


06/05/42

ZI

Aircraft and pilots of 1st Pur Sq, then at Dow Field for movement to UK, fly to Morris Field, en route to W coast for def against attack.


06/06/42

Seventh AF

B-17's maintain search out of Midway. 6 of the HBs mistakenly attack US submarine, which later reports no damage. More B-17's arrive on Midway from Oahu.


06/06/42

Eleventh AF

Various bmr searchattack missions are flown in an attempt to contact the fleet reported near Seguam I. No contact is made due to weather. 8 P-38's en route from Cold Bay to Umnak mistakenly attack a USSR freighter. Japanese begin to land on Kiska.


06/06/42

ZI

Aircraft and pilots of 1st Pur Gp at Morris Field return to Dow Field, following defeat of Japanese fleet in Battle of Midway.


06/07/42

Seventh AF

Gen Tinker, CG, is lost during 6/7 Jun while leading flight of LB-30's from Midway for predawn attack on Wake I.


06/07/42

Eleventh AF

Japanese troops invade Attu. More troops are put ashore on Kiska. An enemy airplane is sighted over Cold Bay but cannot be intercepted.


06/08/42

ETOUSA

ETO established by presidential directive. Gen Chaney is designated cmdr of all US forces of ETOUSA."


06/08/42

Eleventh AF

1 LB-30 flies armed patrol over Kiska and Umnak and discovers Japanese naval units in Kiska Harbor."


06/09/42

Eighth AF

Second contingent of personnel for HQ Eighth AF and subordinate cmds, including main body of VIII AFSC, arrives in UK.


06/09/42

Fifth AF

B-17's, B-25's, and B-26's attack Lae and Salamaua.


06/09/42

Seventh AF

Gen Davidson, CG VII FC, also becomes CG Seventh AF following loss of Gen Tinker (see 7 Jun 42)."


06/09/42

Eleventh AF

Patrols are flown but encounter no aircraft.


06/10/42

Eighth AF

Main part of ground echelon, including ground echelons of 97th Bomb, 1st and 31st Ftr, 60th Transp, and 5th Air Depot Gps, and serv units arrive in UK aboard Queen Elizabeth.


06/10/42

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb aircraft and buildings at Rabaul.


06/10/42

Eleventh AF

Local patrol is flown at Umnak."


06/11/42

Eleventh AF

The Eleventh strikes at Kiska for the first time. 5 B-24's and 5 B-17's from Cold Bay load bombs at Umnak and hit Kiska harbor installations and shipping tgts. Low-altitude runs score near misses on 2 cruisers and a destroyer. AA downs a B-24. The other B-24's are pursued by 4 ftrs back to Umnak where US ftrs drive them off. Navy airplanes discover Japanese landing at Attu.


06/11/42

ZI

Aircraft and crews of 97th Bomb Gp, deployed temporarily to W coast, are ordered back to New England for movement to UK.


06/12/42

Eighth AF

Another contingent of personnel for HQ and subordinate cmds arrive in UK.


06/12/42

HALPRO

13 B-24's of det under cmd of Col Harry A Halverson en route from US to China take off during 11/12 Jun from Fayid to bomb oilfields at Ploesti. Only 12 attack at dawn. 4 of the 13 land at base in Iraq which was designated for recovery of the flight, 3 land at other Iraq fields, 2 land in Syria, and 4 are interned in Turkey. Though damage to tgt is negligible, the raid is significant because it is the first AAF combat mission in EAME Theater in World War II, and the first strike at a tgt which later will be famous.


06/12/42

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb building area and Vunakanau and Lakunai A/Fs at Rabaul.


06/12/42

Eleventh AF

6 B-17's and 1 B-24 bomb shipping in Kiska Harbor. A cruiser is heavily damaged and one destroyer is seen burning.


06/13/42

Fifth AF

B-17's hit A/F at Rabaul.


06/13/42

Eleventh AF

An LB-30 flies weather mission and for the third straight day Kiska Harbor shipping is bombed by 5 B-17's and 3 B-24's. 2 HBs turn back. The others bomb partially cloud-obscured tgts. No effect observed.


06/14/42

AAF

Aircraft program for AAF in UK is revised downward from 3,649 to 3,266, and date of anticipated final strength is advanced 1 month to 1 Apr 43.


06/14/42

Eleventh AF

4 B-17's and 3 B-24's bomb shipping in Kiska Harbor from an altitude of 700 ft, lowest altitude yet. 2 cruisers are hit and one scout seaplane is downed. 2 B-17's are heavily damaged but return to base. Japanese bomb Nazan Bay, Atka.


06/15/42

Eighth AF

Gen Spaatz, CG, arrives in UK. VIII BC takes significant step toward development of organization for control of combat operations by establishing 1st Bomb Wg, Prov, at Brampton Grange.


06/15/42

HALPRO

7 B-24's, along with 2 RAF B-24's and RAF torpedo-carrying Beauforts, attack Italian fleet E of Malta. The B-24's bomb and damage a battleship and a cruiser, while the Beauforts sink a cruiser.


06/15/42

Eleventh AF

A bombing mission to Kiska by 3 B-17's and 2 B-24's is aborted due to weather.


06/16/42

Fifth AF

B-26's, B-25's, and B-17's pound Lae and Salamaua, hitting runways and buildings and starting several fires.


06/17/42

HALPRO

The det is ordered to vicinity of Cairo to report to Gen Russell L Maxwell, designated CG USAFIME.


06/17/42

Seventh AF

P-40's of 73d Ftr S aboard the Saratoga are flown off the carrier at Midway to replace Navy airplanes lost in the Battle of Midway. The P-40's begin dawn and dusk patrols which continue until the P-40's are relieved on 23 Jun 43.


06/17/42

Eleventh AF

A Kiska Harbor bombing mission is canceled due to weather as is patrolling mission by HBs.


06/18/42

International

Churchill arrives in Washington for series of conferences (until 25 Jun) with Roosevelt. Subjects discussed include war production, shipping, help for China, diversion of Germany from Eastern Front, and atomic research.


06/18/42

Eighth AF

HQ opens in London with Gen Spaatz commanding. Air Ministry publishes tentative list of 87 A/Fs to be made ready for Eighth AF.


06/18/42

Eleventh AF

1 LB-30, 3 B-17's and 4 B-24's make a precision high-altitude attack on Kiska Harbor. A transport is left burning and sinking, another is mauled, and 2 scout planes are possibly shot down. 1 B-24 crashes at sea; part of its crew is saved.


06/19/42

USAFIME

Gen Maxwell, formerly head of US Military North African Mission, assumes cmd of USAFIME.


06/19/42

Fifth AF

B-17's pound shipping and Vunakanau A/F at Rabaul.


06/19/42

Eleventh AF

B-24's taking off to bomb Kiska abort due to fog. 1 of them and 2 of its crew are lost when forced to land in the water. A B-17 is dispatched to attack a reported submarine but makes no contact.


06/20/42

US

Gen Chaney, CG ETOUSA, is recalled from UK and will be replaced by Gen Eisenhower.


06/20/42

Eighth AF

Gen Marshall's letter of instruction to Gen Eisenhower reveals plan to integrate all US air units in UK into Eighth AF. Broad objective of AAF in ETO is to attain 'air supremacy over Western Continental Europe' in preparation for future invasion of the Continent.


06/20/42

Fifth AF

B-17's bomb runway at Lae.


06/20/42

Seventh AF

Gen Hale becomes CG Seventh AF, and Col Albert Hegenberger becomes temporary CO VII RC.


06/20/42

Eleventh AF

1 LB-30, 1 B-17 and 7 B-24's take off on a search and bombing mission over Kiska. 3 aircraft abort mission due to weather, 3 bomb through overcast with unobserved results, and 3 others search in vain for B-24 lost on the preceding day.


06/21/42

International

Arnold-Portal-Towers agreement is signed. It deals with US air commitments and provides for strong air force for BOLERO.


06/21/42

HALPRO

9 B-24's bomb Bengasi harbor after RAF Wellingtons light the tgt with flares and incendiaries.


06/21/42

Eleventh AF

WD authorizes XI AFSC--hitherto Prov Serv Cmd-- which is activated at Elmendorf. It is charged with maintaining and supplying all of the Eleventh's bases. Weather cancels all missions except an armed weather sortie over Kiska. Ftrs fly local patrols.


06/22/42

Eleventh AF

A B-17 weather rcn aircraft flies over Kiska. Ftrs fly AP patrols. Bombing mission is canceled due to weather.


06/23/42

Eighth AF

Gen Spaatz is informed that Operation ROUNDUP for invasion of European continent has been put off until Spring 43. This post-ponement is due to decision to mount Operation TORCH, which will necessitate diversion of large numbers of aircraft earlier slated for Eighth AF in UK.


06/23/42

Eleventh AF

Weather cancels bombing mission. A B-17 flies rcn mission over Kiska. A P-40 on defensive patrol crashes at Elmendorf.


06/24/42

ETOUSA

Gen Eisenhower arrives in UK.


06/24/42

HALPRO

B-24's bomb Bengasi harbor during 23/24 Jun.


06/24/42

Fifth AF

B-17's hit Vunakanau A/F. Bomb loads include several bundles of incendiaries which cause intense fires."


06/24/42

Eleventh AF

Weather cancels bombing. 1 B-17 flies weather rcn over Kiska. Ftrs patrol A/Fs.


06/25/42

US

Arnold-Portal-Towers agreement concerning air forces for BOLERO is approved by JCS.


06/25/42

Eighth AF

HQ is established at Bushy Park, a London suburb.


06/25/42

Fifth AF

B-25's bomb Salamaua.


06/25/42

Seventh AF

Gen Lynd becomes CG VII BC.


06/25/42

Eleventh AF

A field order bases the 404th Bomb Sq at Fairbanks, to operate out of Nome, to which 1 sq of the 54th Ftr Gp is also sent. Another sq of the 54th (P-39's) is sent to Ft Richardson. 2 B-17's, 4 B-24's and 1 LB-30 fly bombing and weather missions over Kiska, bombing N side of the harbor.


06/26/42

Eighth AF

Air echelons of 31st Ftr Gp are established at Atcham and High Ercall by this date. These are first combat personnel of VIII FC to reach UK. HALPRO 24's fly a diversion for RAF Albacore attack on 2 merchant vessels at Tobruk.


06/26/42

Tenth AF

Gen Naiden becomes CG Tenth AF, succeeding Gen Brereton who departs for ME with Gen Adler, CG X ASC, and several other key subordinates. Aircraft and crews of 9th Bomb Sq follow. This move leaves the Tenth AF almost a skeleton.


06/26/42

Seventh AF

3 LB-30's bomb installations on Wake I. The raid takes place during 26/27 Jun and is staged through Midway.


06/26/42

Eleventh AF

5 B-24's drop incendiaries and fire bombs on Kiska Harbor installations.


06/27/42

HALPRO

B-24's bomb harbor at Tobruk during 26/27 Jun in effort to disrupt movement of supplies.


06/27/42

Fifth AF

B-26's bomb Lae and Salamaua.


06/28/42

ETOUSA

Gen Eisenhower assumes cmd of ETOUSA, succeeding Gen Chaney.


06/28/42

USAMEAF

Gen Brereton arrives at Cairo where USAFIME issues orders placing him in cmd of USAMEAF, which is activated immediately. USAMEAF is comprised of Halverson Det (HALPRO), Brereton' det (9th Bomb Sq and other personnel which Brereton brought from India), and Air Section of US Military North African Mission. Also activated is ASC, USAMEAF, under Gen Adler. B-24's of HALPRO bomb harbor and shipping at Tobruk.


06/28/42

Eleventh AF

A B-17 weather aircraft flies over Kiska. Solid weather front cancels bombing. On this and the following day US adv rcn parties land on Adak from submarines.


06/29/42

N Africa

Rommel's Afrika Korps takes Matruh."


06/29/42

Eighth AF

Capt Charles C Kegelman (CO 15th Bomb Sq), flying on mission with 12 RAF Bostons against Hazebrouck M/Y, becomes first member of Eighth AF to drop bombs on enemy-occupied Europe. First pilot fatality of Eighth AF in ETO is suffered when 1st Lt Alfred W Giacomini of 31st Ftr Gp crashes a Spitfire while landing at Atcham.


06/29/42

Tenth AF

Col Robert C Oliver assumes cmd of X ASC.


06/29/42

Fifth AF

B-17's hit A/Fs at Rabaul and Lae during 28/29 Jun.


06/30/42

Eighth AF

Joint Anglo-American control of Burtonwood air depot begins with view toward subsequent exclusive control by AAF. VIII AFSC is designated US agent at Burtonwood.


06/30/42

USAMEAF

B-24's bomb Tobruk harbor during 29/30 Jun; first US combat casualties in ME are recorded as 1 B-24 is lost. Gen Brereton moves his det from Egypt to Palestine, as Rommel advances toward the Suez Canal.


06/30/42

Fifth AF

B-17's attack Dili, Koepang and Kendari; B-25's and B-26's hit Lae in New Guinea.


06/30/42

Eleventh AF

A B-17 flies weather rcn over Kiska.


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