Selected Illustrations of Franks and Moors of the early 13th century
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7 (Delaport 38)
The story of Charlemagne
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 21 Charlemagne hears of Roland's death
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 20 Baudoin gives water to Roland but in vain as he dies
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 19 Roland splits rock & sounds horn. The hand of God appears showing divine approval
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 17 Roland defeats Ferragut
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 16 The fight between Roland and Ferragut
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 15 Fighting the infidels
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 14 The miracle of the flowering lances (It was believed that the lances of those who were to die in the battle on the following day flowered during the night before)
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 12 The siege of a town - traditionally said to be Pamplona
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 11 Charlemagne prays before the battle
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 4 Charlemagne fights the Saracens
Chartres Cathedral window w. 7, Panel 2 Charlemagne appears in Constantine's dream
Source: The Medieval Stained Glass Photographic Archive by Painton Cowen
This window was made and installed between 1205 and 1240.
It is situated in the south east corner of the North Choir aisle.
Referenced as figure 581 in The military technology of classical Islam by D Nicolle
581. Stained glass windows, "Moors, " The Legend of Roland and Oliver, 12th century AD, French, in situ, Cathedral, Chartres.
Vol 1, pp. 190-191: The jawshan consisted of a separate sheet of laced lamellar for the body with other smaller sheets to protect the arms, hips or thighs. 158
The torso-piece could be worn on its own159 when it may have corresponded to the 10th century kamarband.
In fact, the term jawshan may well have originally meant a protection for the breast or trunk. 160
In al Andalus the jawshan was probably rare, despite its clear representation on a 12th century stained
158. Usāmah ibn Munqidh, op cit., p. 52; al Aqṣarā'ī, op cit., pp. 321-322.
159. Al Aqṣarā'ī, op cit., p: 322.
160. Bivar "Cavalry Equipment and Tactics on the Euphrates Frontier," p. 275; Schwarzlose, op cit., p. 338.
glass window at Chartres illustrating the Song of Roland (Fig. 581).
It was, however, certainly known, as indicated by Ibn Hudhayl in the 14th century who described it as an armour with no backing, 161 indicating that it was clearly not of scales.
161. Ibn Hudhayl, op cit., pp. 264- 268.
Other 13th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
Index of Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers