Illustration from the:
Arroyo Beatus
Commentary on the Apocalypse by Beatus of Liébana,
Spain, copy of c.1220

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse


The Lamb is an oval; the four evangelists: upper left, Mark; upper right, Matthew; lower right, John; lower left, Luke.
And I saw that the Lamb had opened one of the seven seals. And I heard one of the four living creatures saying, "Draw near and see." And I saw a white horse, and the rider was holding a bow, and a crown was given to him, and he went forth conquering. And when he opened the second seal, the second living creature spoke. And a red horse went forth, and it was granted to its rider that he would take peace from the earth, and that they would kill one another. And a great sword was given to him. And when he opened the third seal, the third living creature spoke. And he saw a black horse, and its rider was holding a balance in his hand. And when he opened the fourth seal, the fourth living creature spoke. And I saw a pale horse, and the rider's name was Death, and Hell was following him. And authority was given to him over the four parts of the earth, to destroy by the sword, by famine, and by death. (Rev. 6:1-8)
Arroyo Beatus
San Andrés de Arroyo Monastery Codex
Shelf mark: Nouv. acq. lat. 2290.
Date: c. 1220.
334 pages, 69 miniatures illuminated with gold and silver leaf.

Title: Beatus. Commentary on the Apocalypse.
Type: manuscript
Language : Latin
Format: Volume on parchment. - 167 folios, including a guard at the end. - Written in two columns, beginning of the thirteenth century. - 440 × 305 mm
Description: This manuscript is a special prize particularly for the 69 paintings of which it is adorned and of which a dozen occupy whole pages.
Source: Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, NAL 2290

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